Author: Gurevich, A.V.
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SUPFDV003 Effect of Mean Free Path on Nonlinear Losses of Trapped Vortices Driven by a RF Field Field 67
 
  • M.R.P. Walive Pathiranage, A.V. Gurevich
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by NSF under Grants PHY 100614-010 and PHY 1734075, and by DOE under Grant DE-SC 100387-020.
We report extensive numerical simulations on nonlinear dynamics of a trapped elastic vortex under rf field, and its dependence on electron mean free path li. Our calculations of the field-dependent residual surface resistance Ri(H) take into account the vortex line tension, the linear Bardeen-Stephen viscous drag and random distributions of pinning centers. We showed that Ri(H) decreases significantly at small fields as the material gets dirtier while showing field independent behavior at higher fields for clean and dirty limit. At low frequencies Ri(H) increases smoothly with the field amplitude at small H and levels off at higher fields. The mean free path dependency of viscosity and pinning strength can result in a nonmonotonic mean free path dependence of Ri, which decreases with li at higher fields and weak pinning strength.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV003  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 December 2021 — Issue date; ※ 09 April 2022  
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SUPFDV015 Preliminary Results from Magnetic Field Scanning System for a Single-Cell Niobium Cavity 96
 
  • I.P. Parajuli, G. Ciovati, J.R. Delayen, A.V. Gurevich
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • G. Ciovati, J.R. Delayen
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  One of the building blocks of modern particle accelerators is superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities. Niobium is the material of choice to build such cavities, which operate at liquid helium temperature (2 - 4 K) and have some of the highest quality factors found in Nature. There are several sources of residual losses, one of them is trapped magnetic flux, which limits the quality factor in SRF cavities. The flux trapping mechanism depends on different niobium surface preparations and cool-down conditions. Suitable diagnostic tools are not yet available to study the effects of such conditions on magnetic flux trapping. A magnetic field scanning system (MFSS) for SRF cavities using Hall probes and Fluxgate magnetometer has been designed, built, and is commissioned to measure the local magnetic field trapped in 1.3 GHz single-cell SRF cavities at 4 K. In this contribution, we will present the preliminary results from MFSS for a single cell niobium cavity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV015  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 08 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 27 April 2022
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SUPTEV001 Magnetic Field Penetration Technique to Study High Field Shielding of Multilayered Superconductors 112
 
  • I.H. Senevirathne, J.R. Delayen, A.V. Gurevich
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • J.R. Delayen, A-M. Valente-Feliciano
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: NSF Grants PHY-1734075 and PHY-1416051, and DOE Awards DE-SC0010081 and DE-SC0019399
The SIS structure which consists of alternative thin layers of superconductors and insulators on a bulk niobium has been proposed to shield niobium cavity surface from high magnetic field and hence increase the accelerating gradient. The study of the behavior of multilayer super-conductors in an external magnetic field is essential to optimize their SRF performance. In this work we report the development of a simple and efficient technique to measure penetration of magnetic field into bulk, thin film and multilayer superconductors. Experimental setup contains a small superconducting solenoid which can produce a parallel surface magnetic field up to 0.5 T and Hall probes to detect penetrated magnetic field across the superconducting sample. This system was calibrated and used to study the effect of niobium sample thickness on the field of full magnetic flux penetration. We determined the optimum thickness of the niobium substrate to fabricate the multilayer structure for the measurements in our setup. This technique was used to measure penetration fields of Nb3Sn thin films and Nb3Sn/Al2O3 multi-layers deposited on Al2O3 wafers.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV001  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 15 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 20 September 2021 — Issue date ※ 28 April 2022
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TUOFDV01
Dynamic Penetration Field of Vortices in a Superconductor Under RF Magnetic Field  
 
  • A. Sheikhzada, A.V. Gurevich
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This work was supported by DOE under grant No. DE-SC0010081.
We address the nonlinear dynamics of penetration of vortices in a superconductor subject to a periodic magnetic field H(t)=H0\sinω t parallel to the surface. The time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equations for a gapped superconductor were simulated numerically to calculate the frequency and temperature dependencies of the field onset Hp(T,ω) of vortex penetration at T≈ Tc. It is shown that Hp(T,ω) can exceed the dc superheating field Hs at which the Meissner state becomes unstable. Here Hp(T,ω) increases with ω and approaches {2}Hs(T) at ωτ≥ 1, where τ(T) is the energy relaxation time of quasiparticles on phonons. We also investigated the effect of surface topographic defects on Hp(T,ω) and showed that they can substantially reduce Hp(T,ω) and cause additional power dissipation. Ultimately, we draw conclusions by comparing the results of our calculations with recent experimental measurements.
 
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