Author: Hillert, W.
Paper Title Page
SUPFDV001 Update on Nitrogen Infusion Sample R&D at DESY 57
 
  • C. Bate, A. Dangwal Pandey, A. Ermakov, B. Foster, T.F. Keller, D. Reschke, J. Schaffran, S. Sievers, H. Weise, M. Wenskat
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • B. Foster
    Oxford University, Physics Department, Oxford, Oxon, United Kingdom
  • W. Hillert, M. Wenskat
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Many accelerator projects such as the European XFEL cw upgrade or the ILC, would benefit from cavities with reduced surface resistance (high Q-values) while maintaining a high accelerating gradient. A possible way to meet the requirements is the so-called nitrogen-infusion procedure on Niobium cavities. However, a fundamental understanding and a theoretical model of this method are still missing. The approach shown here is based on R\&D using small samples, with the goal of identifying all key parameters of the process and establishing a stable, reproducible recipe. To understand the underlying processes of the surface evolution that give improved cavity performance, advanced surface-analysis techniques (e.g. SEM/EDX, TEM, XPS, TOF-SIMS) are utilized and several kinds of samples are analyzed. Furthermore, parameters such as RRR and the surface critical magnetic field denoted as Hc3 have been investigated. For this purpose, a small furnace dedicated to sample treatment was set up to change and explore the parameter space of the infusion recipe. Results of these analyses and their implications for the R\&D on cavities are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV001  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 03 January 2022 — Issue date; ※ 27 April 2022  
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SUPFDV020 ALD-Based NbIiN Studies for SIS R&D 109
 
  • I. González Díaz-Palacio, R.H. Blick, R. Zierold
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Hillert, M. Wenskat
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor multilayers improve the performance of SRF cavities providing magnetic screening of the bulk cavity and lower surface resistance. In this framework NbTiN mixtures stand as a potential material of interest. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) allows for uniform coating of complex geometries and enables tuning of the stoichiometry and precise thickness control in sub-nm range. In this talk, we report about NbTiN thin films deposited by plasma-enhanced ALD on insulating AlN buffer layer. The deposition process has been optimized by studying the superconducting electrical properties of the films. Post-deposition thermal annealing studies with varying temperatures, annealing times, and gas atmospheres have been performed to further improve the thin film quality and the superconducting properties. Our experimental studies show an increase in Tc by 87.5% after thermal annealing and a maximum Tc of 13.9 K has been achieved for NbTiN of 23 nm thickness. Future steps include lattice characterization, using XRR/XRD/EBSD/PALS, and SRF measurements to obtain Hc1 and the superconducting gap.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV020  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 17 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 17 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 19 January 2022
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SUPTEV006 Commissioning of a Calibration Device for Second Sound Quench Detection 124
 
  • L. Ebeling, D. Reschke, L. Steder
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  An important part of research and development in the field of superconducting radio frequency technology is the quench detection since these breakdowns of superconductivity often limit the cavity performance. Although the second sound based quench detection is widely used, only few studies dealing with its systematic uncertainties exist. Hence, the vertical test stands at the cavity test facility of DESY were extended by calibration device prototypes in order to estimate the accuracy of this method. For the first time at DESY, artificial signals have been generated and reconstructed by heating power film resistors. These second sound signals are determined using noise canceling algorithms and the existing reconstruction software. To evaluate the reconstructed positions, the absolute distance between reconstructed and true coordinates is calculated. Thus, a first uncertainty map of the cavity surface is created to quantify the reconstruction results of actual cavity quenches including systematic effects of the quench positioning like the varying sensor coverage around the cavity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV006  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 20 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 30 April 2022
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SUPTEV009 Development of a New B-Mapping System for SRF Cavity Vertical Tests 137
 
  • J.C. Wolff, A. Gössel, C. Müller, D. Reschke, L. Steder, D. Tischhauser
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Hillert, J.C. Wolff
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Funding: This work was supported by the Helmholtz Association within the topic Accelerator Research and Development (ARD) of the Matter and Technologies (MT) Program.
Magnetic flux trapped in the Niobium bulk material of superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities degrades their quality factor and the accelerating gradient. The sensitivity of the cavity to trapped magnetic flux is mainly determined by the treatment, the geometry and the Niobium grain size and orientation. To potentially improve the flux expulsion characteristics of SRF cavities and hence the efficiency of future accelerator facilities, further studies of the trapping behavior are essential. For this purpose a so-called B-mapping system to monitor the magnetic flux along the outer cavity surface of 1.3 GHz TESLA-Type single-cell SRF cavities is currently under development at DESY. Contrary to former approaches, this system digitizes the sensor signals already inside of the cryostat to extensively reduce the number of required cable feedthroughs. Furthermore, the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and consequently the measuring sensitivity can be enhanced by shorter analog signal lines, less thermal noise and the Mu-metal shielding of the cryostat. In this contribution the design, the development process as well as first performance test results of the B-mapping system are presented.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV009  
About • Received ※ 01 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 31 March 2022 — Issue date; ※ 09 April 2022  
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TUOFDV03 Vacancy-Hydrogen Dynamics and Magnetic Impurities During Mid-T Bake 342
 
  • M. Wenskat, C. Bate, D. Reschke, J. Schaffran, L. Steder, H. Weise
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • C. Bate, G.D.L. Semione, A. Stierle
    University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
  • M. Butterling, E. Hirschmann, M.O. Liedke, A. Wagner
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • J. Cizek
    Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Positron annihilation measurements allow to study the hydrogen interaction with vacancies in a crystal lattice. Furthermore, the 3/2 ratio of the positronium annihilation can be used to identify local magnetic impurities in thin layers. Dynamic studies of these properties in annealing studies up to 300°C will be presented. The discussion is accompanied by X-ray reflectivity studies performed on single crystal samples to study the niobium oxide dissolution. The dynamics of magnetic impurities during a Mid-T bake will be presented, put into the context of cavity studies and a potential link to rf properties will be discussed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUOFDV03  
About • Received ※ 23 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 05 December 2021
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THPFDV001 Status of the New Quadrupole Resonator for SRF R&D 751
 
  • R. Monroy-Villa, W. Hillert, M. Wenskat
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. Gorgi Zadeh, P. Putek
    Rostock University, Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Rostock, Germany
  • M. Lemke, R. Monroy-Villa, D. Reschke, M. Röhling, J.H. Thie
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  A basic understanding of the properties of SRF samples under surface treatments would aid in the development of consistent theories. To study the RF properties of such samples under realistic superconducting-cavity-like conditions, a test device called Quadrupole Resonator (QPR) was fabricated. In this publication we report the status of the QPR at Universität Hamburg in collaboration with DESY. Our device is based on the QPRs operated at CERN and at HZB, and its design will allow for testing samples at temperatures between 2 K and 8 K, under magnetic fields up to 120 mT and with operating frequencies of 433 MHz, 866 MHz and 1300 MHz. Fabrication tolerance studies on the electromagnetic field distributions and simulations of the static detuning of the device, together with the commissioning report and the ongoing surface treatment, will be presented.  
poster icon Poster THPFDV001 [1.069 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFDV001  
About • Received ※ 27 June 2021 — Revised ※ 23 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 23 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 29 April 2022
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