Author: Keckert, S.
Paper Title Page
SUPCAV013 Multipacting Analysis of the Quadripolar Resonator (QPR) at HZB 42
 
  • S. Bira, D. Longuevergne
    Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, Orsay, France
  • Y. Kalboussi
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • Th. Proslier
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
 
  Multipacting (MP) is a resonating electron discharge, often plaguing radio-frequency (RF) structures, produced by the synchronization of emitted electrons with the RF fields and the electron multiplication at the impact point with the surface structure. The electron multiplication can take place only if the secondary emission yield (SEY, i.e. the number of electrons emitted due to the impact of one incoming electron), , is higher than 1. The SEY value depends strongly on the material and the surface contamination. Multipacting simulations are crucial in high-frenquency (HF) vacuum structures to localize and potentially improve the geometry. In this work, multipacting simulations were carried out on the geometry of the Quadrupole Resonator (QPR) in operation at HZB using the Spark 3D module in Microwave Studio suite (CST). These simulations helped to understand a particular behavior observed during the QPR tests, and furthermore made it possible to suggest enhancement ways in order to limit this phenomenon and facilitate its operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPCAV013  
About • Received ※ 09 July 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 09 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 07 May 2022
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SUPFDV006 Investigation of SIS Multilayer Films at HZB 72
 
  • D.B. Tikhonov, S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • E. Chyhyrynets, C. Pira
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • S.B. Leith, M. Vogel
    University Siegen, Siegen, Germany
 
  Funding: The manufacture of the QPR samples received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 730871
The systematic study of multilayer SIS films (Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor) is being conducted in Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin. Such films theoretically should boost the performance of superconducting cavities, and reduce some problems related to bulk Nb such as magnetic flux trapping. Up to now such films have been presented in theory, but the RF performance of those structures have not been widely studied. In this contribution we present the results of the latest tests of AlN-NbN films, deposited on micrometers-thick Nb layers on copper. It has, also, been shown previously at HZB that such SIS films may show some unexpected behavior in surface resistance versus temperature parameter space. In this contribution we continue to investigate those effects with the variation of different parameters of films (such as insulator thickness) and production recipes.
 
poster icon Poster SUPFDV006 [2.229 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV006  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 12 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 21 December 2021
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SUPFDV012 The Development of HiPIMS Multilayer SIS Film Coatings on Copper for SRF Applications 86
 
  • S.B. Leith, X. Jiang, A.O. Sezgin, M. Vogel
    University Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • B. Butz, Y. Li, J. Müller
    MNaF, Siegen, Germany
  • S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler, D.B. Tikhonov
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • R. Ries, E. Seiler
    Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
 
  Funding: Authors acknowledge both the EASITrain, Marie Sklodowska-Curie Action (MSCA) Innovative Training Network (ITN), Grant Agreement no. 764879 and the ARIES collaboration, Grant Agreement no. 730871
In recent years, the use of alternatives to bulk Nb in the fabrication of SRF cavities, including novel materials and/or fabrication techniques, have been extensively explored by the SRF community. One of these new methodologies is the use of a superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) multilayer structure. Typically, these have been envisaged for use with bulk Nb cavities. However, it is conceivable to combine the benefits of SIS structures with the benefits of coated Cu cavities. It is also clear that the use of energetic deposition techniques such as high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS), provide significant benefits over typical DC magnetron sputtering (MS) coatings, in terms of SRF performance. In light of this, two series of multilayer SIS film coatings, with a Nb-AlN-NbN structure, were deposited onto electropolished OFHC Cu samples, with the use of HiPIMS, in order to determine the efficacy of this approach. This contribution details the development of these coatings and the required optimization of the coating parameters of the separate material systems, through the use of multiple material and superconducting characterization techniques.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV012  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 December 2021 — Issue date; ※ 27 April 2022  
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MOPFDV003 Measuring Flux Trapping Using Flat Samples 326
 
  • F. Kramer, S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
 
  With modern superconducting cavities flux trapping is a limiting factor for the achievable quality factor. Flux trapping is influenced by various parameters such as geometry, material, and cooldown dynamics. At SRF2019 we presented data showing the magnetic field surrounding a cavity. We now present supplemental simulations for this data focusing on geometric effects. As these simulations are inconclusive, we have designed a new setup to measure trapped flux in superconducting samples which is presented as well. The advantages compared to a cavity test are the simpler sample geometry, and quicker sample production, as well as shorter measurement times. With this setup we hope to identify fundamental mechanisms of flux trapping, including geometry effects, different materials, and different treatments. First results are presented along with the setup itself.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFDV003  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 03 April 2022 — Issue date; ※ 02 May 2022  
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WEPTEV003 A Superconducting Magnetic Shield for SRF Modules with Strong Magnetic Field Sources 637
 
  • J. Völker, A. Frahm, S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, A.N. Matveenko, A. Neumann, H. Plötz, Y. Tamashevich
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
 
  Frequently SRF modules require strong focusing magnets close to SRF cavities. The shielding of those magnetic fields to avoid flux trapping, for example during a quench, is a challenge. At HZB, the bERLinPro photo-injector module includes a 1.4 cell SRF cavity placed in close proximity to a superconducting (SC) focusing solenoid. At full solenoid operation, parts of the double mu-metal shield are expected to saturate. To prevent saturation, we developed a new superconducting Meissner-Shield. Several tests of different designs were performed both in the injector module and in the HoBiCaT test facility. The measured results of the final design show a significant shielding that are in good agreement with calculations. Based on these results, a reduction of the magnetic flux density in the mu-metal shields of almost one order of magnitude is expected The design has now been incorporated in the injector module. In this paper we will present the design, the setup and results of the final testing of the superconducting shield.  
poster icon Poster WEPTEV003 [1.854 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV003  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 16 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 15 March 2022
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