Paper Title Page
MOOFAV01 Successful Beam Commissioning of Heavy-Ion Superconducting Linac at RIKEN 167
  • K. Yamada, T. Dantsuka, M. Fujimaki, E. Ikezawa, H. Imao, O. Kamigaito, M. Komiyama, K. Kumagai, T. Nagatomo, T. Nishi, H. Okuno, K. Ozeki, N. Sakamoto, K. Suda, A. Uchiyama, T. Watanabe, Y. Watanabe
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  • H. Hara, A. Miyamoto, K. Sennyu, T. Yanagisawa
    MHI-MS, Kobe, Japan
  • E. Kako, H. Nakai, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  A new superconducting booster linac, so-called SRILAC, has been constructed at the RIKEN Nishina Center to upgrade the acceleration voltage of the existing linac in order to enable further investigation of new super-heavy elements and the production of useful RIs. The SRILAC consists of 10 TEM quarter-wavelength resonators made from pure niobium sheets which operate at 4.5 K. We succeeded to develop high performance SC-cavities which satisfies the required Q0 of 1E+9 with a wide margin. Installation of the cryomodule and He refrigerator system was completed by the end of FY2018, and the first cooling test was performed in September 2019. After various tests of the RF system, the beam acceleration was successfully commissioned in January 2020. In June 2020, the beam supply to the experiment was started. In this talk, I will report on the beam commissioning of SRILAC as well as the status of the frequency tuner and the differential pump system.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV01  
About • Received ※ 26 July 2021 — Revised ※ 30 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 05 March 2022 — Issue date ※ 16 May 2022
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MOOFAV02 Status of the RAON Superconducting Linear Accelerator 175
  • Y.U. Sohn, T.Y. Ki, Y. Kim, M. Lee, K.T. Seol
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  Funding: Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT)
RAON, being constructed as the Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP) by the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) since 2011 is a flagship heavy ion accelerator facility in Korea to promote fundamental science and application of isotope nuclei and related science. The installation of the heavy ion accelerator systems including injector, rare isotope (RI) production systems, and experimental systems are currently being progressed toward to commissioning of RAON, while the civil construction of the RAON site in Shindong, Daejeon of Korea, is going to finish in 2021. The superconducting LINAC with low energy, so-call SCL3 as the 1st phase will be commissioned on the December of 2021. The overview RAON accelerator facility and status of RISP are reported in this paper.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV02  
About • Received ※ 26 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 05 April 2022 — Issue date; ※ 16 May 2022  
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Progress and Operation Experience at CAFe  
  • Y. He
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
  The CW superconducting linac CAFe (China ADS Front-end demo facility) at IMP was designed for 25 MeV protons aiming at the front-end demonstration of China ADS project in 2011 and constructed in 2017. Since then, the major upgradings have been made to accelerate the particles with A/q=2. It consists an RFQ for alphas, three cryomodules with 6 HWRs of beta 0.1 and one cryomudule with 5 taper-type HWRs of beta 0.15. It can accelerate protons to 20 MeV and alphas to 40 MeV. It took more than 3 years to improve the hardware and software to go after a higher beam power and higher availability during operation according to the lessens learned from several commissioning campaigns. At beginning of 2021, it achieved 10 mA and 205 kW continuous wave (CW) proton beam successfully. The beam availability remains 93%~96% during operation test in 12 hours at 174kW/10mA and in 108 hour at 126kW/7.3mA. This talk will report the progress of the CAFe with describing the operation experience and lessons learned including cavities, cryogenics, LLRF. The recent Nb/Cu cavity development at IMP will be also reported as an R&D topic for the future ADS.
supported by NSF GRAND 11525523 and 91426303
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Status of the ESS Cold Linac Module and Cavity Components  
  • C.G. Maiano
    ESS, Lund, Sweden
  We report here the recent progress of the activities for the preparation of the ESS cold linac components. The assembly of the series Spoke and Elliptical cryomodules is currently ongoing at CEA and IPNO, the test activities on the cryomodule prototypes have been completed and the series testing has started at the ESS testing facilities FREIA in Uppsala and Test Stand 2 at Lund. Status of the cavity fabrication and testing will be summarized. The experience of the commissioning of the testing facilities and the first results obtained on the series modules is presented and analyzed with respect to the vertical tests. For the elliptical cryomodules the TS2 results are compared with the CEA tests performed on the first three cryomodules of the series.  
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MOOFAV05 Proton Improvement Plan ’ II: Overview of Progress in the Construction 182
  • A.L. Klebaner, C. Boffo, S.K. Chandrasekaran, D. Passarelli, G. Wu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  Funding: US Department of Energy
The Proton Improvement Plan II (PIP-II) project is an essential upgrade to Fermilab’s particle accelerator complex to enable the world’s most intense neutrino beam for LBNF/DUNE and a broad particle physics program for many decades to come. PIP-II will deliver 1.2 MW of proton beam power from the Main Injector, upgradeable to multi-MW capability. The central element of PIP-II is an 800 MeV linac, which comprises a room temperature front end followed by an SRF accelerator. The front end has been constructed and operated with (pulsed & CW) beam in the PIP-II Injector Test facility (PIP2IT). The SRF accelerator consists of five different types of cavities/cryomodules, including Half Wave Resonators (HWR), Single Spoke and elliptical resonators operating at state-of-the-art parameters. The first two PIP-II cryomodules, HWR and Single Spoke Resonator 1 (SSR1) are installed in PIP2IT and have accelerated beam to 17 MeV. PIP-II is the first U.S. accelerator project that will be constructed with significant contributions from international partners, including India, Italy, France, United Kingdom and Poland. The project was recently baselined, and site construction is underway
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV05  
About • Received ※ 13 August 2021 — Revised ※ 14 January 2022 — Accepted ※ 21 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 13 March 2022
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MOOFAV06 Four Years of Successful Operation of the European XFEL 190
  • J. Branlard, S. Choroba, M.K. Grecki, S. Köpke, D. Kostin, D. Nölle, V. Vogel, N. Walker, S. Wiesenberg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL) has been successfully operating for almost 4 years, and routinely delivering 6- to 14-KeV X-rays to users (30 KeV photon energy was demonstrated). At the heart of the machine is the 1.3 km long 1.3 GHz SCRF linac which can reach a maximum electron energy of 17.6 GeV, and is capable of accelerating up to 2700 bunches per RF pulse at a repetition rate of 10 Hz, delivering beam to 6 experiments via 3 SASE undulator sections. In this contribution, we relate on the linac operational experience and highlight some recent developments towards monitoring and improving operations and linac availability.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV06  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 18 September 2021  
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LCLS-II Status and Progress  
  • A. Burrill
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  This talk will summarize the current status of the LCLS-II x-ray free electron laser installation progress and the upcoming commissioning plans. The overall state of the machine will be reviewed and a summary of the cryomodule performance in the testing facilities will be provided. In addition some of the key lessons learned from installation and integration will be discussed.  
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MOOFAV10 Completion of FRIB Superconducting Linac and Phased Beam Commissioning 197
  • T. Xu, Y. Al-Mahmoud, H. Ao, J. Asciutto, B. Bird, J. Bonofiglio, B. Bullock, N.K. Bultman, F. Casagrande, W. Chang, Y. Choi, C. Compton, J.C. Curtin, K.D. Davidson, K. Elliott, A. Facco, V. Ganni, A. Ganshyn, J. Gao, P.E. Gibson, Y. Hao, W. Hartung, N.M. Hasan, L. Hodges, K. Holland, J.D. Hulbert, M. Ikegami, T. Kanemura, S.H. Kim, P. Knudsen, Z. Li, S.M. Lidia, G. Machicoane, C. Magsig, P.E. Manwiller, F. Marti, T. Maruta, K.E. McGee, E.S. Metzgar, S.J. Miller, D.G. Morris, H. Nguyen, P.N. Ostroumov, A.S. Plastun, J.T. Popielarski, L. Popielarski, X. Rao, M.A. Reaume, H.T. Ren, K. Saito, M. Shuptar, A. Stolz, A. Taylor, B.P. Tousignant, A.D.F. Victory, D.R. Victory, J. Wei, E.M. Wellman, J.D. Wenstrom, Y. Yamazaki, C. Zhang, Q. Zhao, S. Zhao
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • K. Hosoyama
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M.P. Kelly
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  • R.E. Laxdal
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • M. Wiseman
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661.
The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is an ac-celerator-based facility funded by the US Department of Energy for nuclear physics research. FRIB is nearing the end of technical construction, with first user beams ex-pected in Summer 2022. Key features are the delivery of a variety of rare isotopes with a beam energy of ’ 200 MeV/u and a beam power of up to 400 kW. The facility is upgradable to 400 MeV/u and multi-user capability. The FRIB driver linac consists of 324 superconducting resonators and 69 superconducting solenoids in 46 cry-omodules. FRIB is the first linac to deploy a large number of HWRs (220) and the first heavy ion linac to operate at 2 K. We report on the completion of production and in-stallation of the FRIB cryomodules and phased beam commissioning results.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV10  
About • Received ※ 12 August 2021 — Revised ※ 16 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 04 May 2022
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Overview of CW R&D With a European XFEL Cryomodule  
  • A. Bellandi, J. Branlard, J. Eschke, Ç. Gümüş, D. Kostin, R. Onken, J.K. Sekutowicz, E. Vogel
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  Since 2011 a research and development program is carried out at DESY to study the feasibility of a possible Continuous-Wave (CW) upgrade of the European X-ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL). Cryo-Module Test Bench (CMTB) is a test facility at DESY used to perform tests with accelerating modules equipped with TESLA-type superconducting cavities. In this proceeding, the most recent tests at CMTB on module XM50.1 are presented. For the European XFEL upgrade, a key-importance question to answer is the cryomodules’ heat load when driven in CW. Therefore, tests at accelerating gradients up to 19 MV/m per cavity at 2K were carried to determine the cavities’ dissipated power. Operating at QLs > 107 is also challenging for the LLRF: the narrow RF bandwidths involved require active online detuning disturbances rejection techniques. Therefore a new detuning estimator was developed. The estimator is also capable of working as a quench/multipacting detector. Tests on XM50.1 show that it is possible to estimate detuning disturbances with a sub-hertz precision and to catch multipacting events. Finally, the maximum achieved gradients with the module and after RF conditioning are presented.  
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MOPFAV002 Commissioning of the UKRI STFC Daresbury Vertical Test Facility for Jacketed SRF Cavities 308
  • A.J. May, A.A. Akintola, A.R. Bainbridge, R.K. Buckley, G. Collier, P.A. Corlett, K.D. Dumbell, M.J. Ellis, S. Hitchen, P.C. Hornickel, G. Hughes, C.R. Jenkins, P.A. McIntosh, K.J. Middleman, A.J. Moss, N. Pattalwar, S.M. Pattalwar, M.D. Pendleton, P.A. Smith, A.E. Wheelhouse, AAJ. White, S. Wilde
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.D. Hancock, J. Hathaway, C. Hodgkinson, G. Jones, M. Lowe, D.A. Mason, G. Miller, J. Mutch, A. Oates, P. Sollars, J.T.G. Wilson
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  A novel vertical test facility has been developed at the STFC Daresbury Laboratory. The VTF is designed to test 3 jacketed SRF cavities in a horizontal configuration in a single cool-down run at 2 K. Cavities were tested at low power levels for HOMs and passband modes, and Q vs E field measurements at high power levels. The specification requires an unloaded Q of 5·109 at a field gradient of 19.9 MV/m. The cavities are cooled with superfluid helium filled into their individual helium jackets. This reduces the liquid helium consumption by more than 70% in comparison with the conventional facilities operational elsewhere. The facility will be used to conduct a 2-year program to qualify 84 high-beta SRF cavities for the European Spallation Source as part of the UK’s in-kind contribution. This paper reports on the commissioning program, along with a detailed discussion of the RF and cryogenic operations and performance of the facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFAV002  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 20 October 2021
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MOPFAV004 First Vertical Test of a Prototype Crab Cavity for HL-LHC at FREIA Laboratory in Uppsala University 313
  • A. Miyazaki, K. Fransson, K.J. Gajewski, L. Hermansson, R.J.M.Y. Ruber
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  We developed and commissioned a new vertical test stand at FREIA Laboratory for the High-Lumi LHC project. The first cold test was performed with a prototype crab cavity (Double-Quarter-Wave cavity) and the obtained result met the project specification. This opened a new opportunity at Uppsala University for SRF science and engineering. In this poster, the result of the first cold test and plans for future experiments are presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFAV004  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 14 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 07 October 2021
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MOPFAV005 Operation Experience of the Superconducting Linac at RIKEN RIBF 315
  • N. Sakamoto, O. Kamigaito, T. Nagatomo, T. Nishi, K. Ozeki, K. Suda, A. Uchiyama, K. Yamada
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  After commissioning of the RIKEN superconducting linac (SRILAC) in the end of FY2019, heavy ion beams were provided to the nuclear physics experiments. In this paper operation history and evolution of field emission levels through the year will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFAV005  
About • Received ※ 02 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 27 October 2021 — Issue date; ※ 10 April 2022  
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Recent Achievements at S-DALINAC*  
  • M. Arnold, L. Alff, A. Brauch, J. Conrad, M. Dutine, J. Enders, M. Fischer, R. Grewe, L.E. Jürgensen, M. Major, M.G. Meier, J. Pforr, N. Pietralla, F. Schließmann, D. Schneider, N. Schäfer, M. Steinhorst, L. Stobbe, S. Weih
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
  Funding: *Work supported by DFG (GRK 2128), BMBF (05H18RDRB2), State of Hesse (Cluster Project ELEMENTS and LOEWE Research Cluster Nuclear Photonics)
The superconducting Darmstadt linear accelerator S-DALINAC is a 130 MeV thrice-recirculating linac for electrons, running at 3 GHz in cw [1]. It can be operated in a conventional acceleration scheme for an experimental program in nuclear physics and as an energy recovery linac (ERL) [2]. Since 1991, the S-DALINAC was mainly developed and operated by students and junior researchers, e.g., within their thesis works. Recent upgrades include measures for improved beam quality and diagnostics. The previous five-cell capture cavity in the superconducting injector with a beta of 1 was, for example, replaced by a 6-cell capture cavity with an injection-matched beta of 0.86. Other projects address the treatment and development of SRF cavities (N-doping, surface preparation, Nb3Sn coating) or the improvement of diagnostics, including the installation of a diagnosis beam-line upstream of the injector and dedicated RF control for the quantification of ERL performance. An overview on the facility and recent projects will be given. Latest operational experience on the conventional and on the ERL mode will be presented. A focus will be on the 6-cell cavity from design to commissioning.
[1] N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018).
[2] M. Arnold et al., Phys. Rev. Accel. Beams 23, 020101 (2020).
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TUPFAV001 Progress on SRF Linac Development for the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System at JAEA 372
  • B. Yee-Rendón, Y. Kondo, F.M. Maekawa, S.I. Meigo, J. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
  To overcome the nuclear waste problem, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing an accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS) since the late 1980s. In the JAEA-ADS proposal, an 800 MWth subcritical reactor is driven by a 30 MW cw proton linear accelerator (linac). The biggest challenges for the ADS machines are the high reliability and availability required for their operations. To this end, the present JAEA-ADS linac was redesigned by adopting the current developments in Superconducting Radio-Frequency (SRF) technology. Additionally, we developed a robust lattice to control the beam loss and implemented a fault-tolerance scheme for the fast recovery of SRF cavity failures. This work presents the latest results of the R&D of the JAEA-ADS superconducting linac.  
poster icon Poster TUPFAV001 [0.708 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV001  
About • Received ※ 07 June 2021 — Revised ※ 14 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 26 November 2021
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TUPFAV002 Calibration of SRF Cavity Voltage by Measurement of Synchrotron Frequency in SuperKEKB 376
  • M. Nishiwaki, K. Akai, T. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, S. Mitsunobu, Y. Morita, T. Okada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  Eight SRF cavity modules, which have been operated in KEKB for more than ten years, are stably operating also in SuperKEKB. As for calibration of the cavity voltage Vc, non-negligible discrepancy was observed between the results obtained from two different methods: one is using external Q value (Qext) of pickup ports, and the other is using loaded Q value (QL) of the cavities. The discrepancy comes from inaccuracy of power measurement in high power RF system and uncertainty of the Qext or QL values. In order to solve the discrepancy by improving the accuracy of the calibration for each individual cavity, we investigated a method by measuring synchrotron frequency fs of stored beam. With this method, Vc calibration can be performed without affected by inaccuracy of high-power measurement or uncertainty of the Qext or QL values. The fs measurement studies were carried out in SuperKEKB. With these studies, Vc calibration was obtained with a high accuracy of about 1%. The results are applied to the SuperKEKB operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV002  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 14 October 2021
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TUPFAV003 Stable Beam Operation at 33 MV/m in STF-2 Cryomodules at KEK 382
  • Y. Yamamoto, M. Akemoto, D.A. Arakawa, A. Araki, S. Araki, A. Aryshev, T. Dohmae, M. Egi, M.K. Fukuda, K. Hara, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Honma, H. Ito, E. Kako, H. Katagiri, R. Katayama, M. Kawamura, N. Kimura, Y. Kojima, Y. Kondou, T. Konomi, M. Masuzawa, T. Matsumoto, S. Michizono, Y. Morikawa, H. Nakai, H. Nakajima, K. Nakanishi, M. Omet, T. Oyama, T. Saeki, H. Sakai, H. Shimizu, S.I. Takahara, R. Ueki, K. Umemori, A. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • S. Aramoto
    Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • M. Kuriki
    Hiroshima University, Graduate School of Science, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • Z.J. Liptak
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • K. Sakaue
    The University of Tokyo, The School of Engineering, Tokyo, Japan
  • A. Yamamoto
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  In STF at KEK, as the operational demonstration of the SRF accelerator for ILC, the STF-2 cryomodules (CM1+CM2a: one and half size CM with 12 cavities) have achieved 33 MV/m as average accelerating gradient with 7 cavities in Mar/2019. After that, one cavity with the lowest performance installed in CM2a was replaced with one N-infused cavity developed for High-Q/High-G R&D between Japan and US. From this April, the beam operation started again and those CMs achieved 33 MV/m as average accelerating gradient with 9 cavities including one N-infused cavity again. This is the very important milestone for ILC. In this report, the detailed results will be presented.  
poster icon Poster TUPFAV003 [3.015 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV003  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 11 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 November 2021
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TUPFAV004 Surface Polishing Facility for Superconducting RF Cavities at CERN 387
  • L.M.A. Ferreira, N.S. Chritin, R. Ferreira, G. Gerbet
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
  A new SRF cavity polishing facility which covers the needs for present projects like the HL-LHC and its CRAB cavities as well as ongoing and future activities in the frame of the FCC study was commissioned at CERN in 2019. This facility can handle chemical and electrochemical polishing baths, can process both niobium and copper-based cavities on a wide range of geometries, starting at 400 MHz up to 1.3 GHz for elliptical type of cavities and more complex shapes as defined by the DQW and RFD CRAB design. The main subassemblies of this facility are presented. Some important design details and materials choices of the facility will be briefly discussed together with the range of operational parameters. First results on different substrates and geometries are discussed in terms of surface finishing and polishing rate uniformity.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV004  
About • Received ※ 17 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 25 October 2021
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TUPFAV006 The Superconducting Radio Frequency System of Shenzhen Industrial Synchrotron Radiation Source FacilityRIAL SYNCHROTRON RADIATION SOURCE FACILITY 392
  • W. Ma, Y.B. Sun, N. Yuan
    Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, People’s Republic of China
  • L.G. Liu
    SSRF, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • L. Lu, L. Yang, Z.L. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
  Shenzhen industrial synchrotron radiation source is a 3 GeV synchrotron radiation diffraction-limited source. It consists of three parts, linear accelerator, booster, and storage ring. As a basic part of the storage ring, the superconducting radio frequency system provides energy for the beam to supplement the beam power loss caused by synchrotron radiation and higher-order modes, and provide the longitudinal bunch for the electron beam. The superconducting radio frequency cavity of the storage ring consists of two 500 MHz single-cell cavities and a third harmonic 1500 MHz double-cell cavity. This paper will introduce the superconducting cavity, radio frequency amplifier, and low-level radio frequency system in the Shenzhen industrial synchrotron radiation source facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV006  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Revised ※ 16 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 26 November 2021
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WEPFAV001 Cryomodule Development for the Materials Irradiation Facility: From IFMIF-EVEDA to IFMIF-DONES 534
  • N. Bazin, S. Chel
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  For several years, CEA has been involved in the development of superconducting linac for fusion related project, with the goal to develop an high flux neutrons source to test and qualify specific materials to be used in fusion power plants. In the framework of the ITER Broder Approch, a prototype cryomodule is under construction in Japan for the IFMIF/EVEDA phase(Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities) and the construction of the Accelerator Prototype (LIPAc) at Rokkasho, fully representative of the IFMIF low energy (9 MeV) accelerator (125 mA of D+beam in continuous wave). Meanwhile, the design studies of a plant called DONES (Demo Oriented NEutron Source, derived from IFMIF) started, with a superconducting linac made of 5 cryomodules. These one are based on the same principles as the one developed for IFMIF/EVEDA, but taking into account the lessons learnt from the prototype. This paper will present the similarities but also the differences between the cryomodules for IFMIF/EVEDA and DONES.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPFAV001  
About • Received ※ 28 June 2021 — Revised ※ 23 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 23 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 13 October 2021
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WEPFAV004 Status of the Cryogenic Infrastructure for MESA 539
  • T. Stengler, K. Aulenbacher, F. Hug, D. Simon
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
  Funding: supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG): EXC 2118/2019
The Institute of Nuclear Physics at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany is currently constructing the Mainz Energy-recovering Superconducting Accelerator (MESA). The centerpiece of the MESA consists of two superconducting cryomodules of the ELBE/Rossendorf type, which are operated at 1.8 K. Furthermore, accelerator elements for polarimetry, a 10 T solenoid, and the external SRF test facility of the Helmholtz Institute Mainz have to be supplied with 4 K helium. One challenge here is to supply the components located throughout the accelerator according to their requirements and to establish a 16mbar system for 1.8 K operation. To ensure the required supply of helium at the different temperature levels, the existing helium liquefier has to be upgraded. The cryogenic infrastructure has to be adapted to the accelerator. The concept of the future cryogenic distribution network is presented in this paper and the design of the cryogenic facilities including the modifications is described in detail.
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPFAV004  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 10 April 2022  
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WEPFAV006 ILC Energy Upgrade Paths to 3 TeV 549
  • H. Padamsee
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  We consider ILC upgrade paths beyond 1 TeV: (1) to 2 TeV and (2) to 3 TeV depending on the needs of high energy physics. Parameters for four scenarios will be presented and challenges discussed. 1. From 1 TeV to 2 TeV based on: a. Gradient advances of Nb cavities to 55 MV/m anticipated from on-going SRF R&D on Nb structures discussed in Section 4.3.x. b. Radically new travelling wave (TW) superconducting structures [1,2] optimized for effective gradients of 70+ MV/m, along with 100% increase in R/Q (discussed in more detail in Section 4.3.x). The large gain in R/Q has a major beneficial impact on the refrigerator heat load, the RF power, and the AC operating power. OR 2. From 1 TeV to 3 TeV based on a. Radically new travelling wave (TW) superconducting structures [1,2] optimized for effective gradients of 70+ MV/m, along with 100% increase in R/Q. The large gain in R/Q has a major beneficial impact on heat load, RF power, and the AC operating power. b. 80 MV/m gradient potential for Nb3Sn [3] with Q of 1x1010, based on extrapolations from high power pulsed measurements on single cell Nb3Sn cavities. Further, the operating temperature is 4.2 K instead of 2K.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPFAV006  
About • Received ※ 13 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 29 September 2021 — Issue date; ※ 16 May 2022  
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THPFAV002 Fabrication and Installation of Newly Designed Cryostats and Top Flanges for the Vertical Test of RISP 733
  • M.O. Hyun, M.S. Kim, Y. Kim, J. Lee, M. Lee, J.H. Shin
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  • D.W. Kim, S.R. Kim
    CVE, Suwon, Gyeonggi, Republic of Korea
  Funding: This paper was supported by the Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP), which is funded by the Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT) and National Research Foundation (NRF) of the Republic of Korea.
Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP) in the Institute of Basic Science (IBS), South Korea, is now operating SRF test facility in Sindong, Daejeon. Sindong SRF test facility has three vertical test pits and three horizontal test bunkers, 900 W cryogenic system, RF power system, and radiation protection system. This paper explains about detail procedures of constructing cryostats and top flanges for the vertical test of RISP, Installed cryostats and top flanges have insulation vacuum layer, magnetic and thermal shield, 4K/2K reservoir, heat exchanger, cryogenic valves for supplying liquid helium, vacuum lines, and electrical instrumentations for the superconducting cavity tests.
poster icon Poster THPFAV002 [2.010 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFAV002  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 21 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 23 October 2021 — Issue date ※ 22 November 2021
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THPFAV004 Solenoid Automatic Turn-On and Degaussing for FRIB Cryomodules 737
  • W. Chang, Y. Choi, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, T. Xu, C. Zhang
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  The superconducting driver linac for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) will accelerate heavy ions to 200 MeV per nucleon. The linac includes 46 SRF cryomodules, with a total of 69 solenoid packages for beam focusing and steering. For efficient beam commissioning and future operation, all of the solenoids must be turned on and reach a stable operating condition in a short time. Additionally, when a warm-up of the cryomodules is needed, degaussing of the solenoid packages is needed to minimize the residual magnetic field in the SRF cavities. An automatic turn-on and degaussing program had been implemented for FRIB cryomodules to meet these requirements. This paper will describe the design, development, and implementation of the automated solenoid control program.  
poster icon Poster THPFAV004 [1.858 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFAV004  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 19 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 15 December 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 March 2022
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THPFAV005 LCSL-II Cryomodule Testing at Fermilab 741
  • E.R. Harms, B.E. Chase, E. Cullerton, B.D. Hartsell, J. Hurd, M.J. Kucera, F.L. Lewis, A. Lunin, J.N. Makara, D.L. Newhart, D.J. Nicklaus, P.S. Prieto, J. Reid, R.P. Stanek, R. Wang
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • A.L. Benwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • C.M. Ginsburg
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics.
Cold powered testing of all LCLS-II production cryomodules at Fermilab is complete as of February 2021. A total of twenty-five tests on both 1.3 GHz and 3.9 GHz cryomodules were conducted over a nearly five year time span beginning in the summer of 2016. During the course of this campaign cutting-edge results for cavity Q0 and gradient in continuous wave operation were achieved. A summary of all test results will be presented, with a comparison to established acceptance criteria, as well as overall test stand statistics and lessons learned.
poster icon Poster THPFAV005 [1.379 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFAV005  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 24 November 2021 — Accepted ※ 05 January 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 March 2022
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THPFAV006 Degradation and Recovery of the LHC RF Cryomodule Performance Using the Helium Processing Technique 746
  • K. Turaj, O. Brunner, A.C. Butterworth, F. Gerigk, P. Maesen, E. Montesinos, F. Peauger, M. Therasse, W. Venturini Delsolaro
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
  The LHC RF cryomodule "Asia" suffered an accidental influx of about 0.5 l of tunnel air during the leak checks of the pumping manifolds. The resulting risk of particle contamination was difficult to assess, and could not be excluded with certainty. If one or more cavities were contaminated, a severe impact on beam operations in the LHC machine was to be expected. In order to minimize the risks, the Asia cryomodule has been replaced with a spare unit. Subsequently, the cryomodule was tested in the SM18 test facility without intermediate venting, and showed high levels of radiation due to field emission above 1.8 MV in one of the cavities. The other cavities were less strongly affected, but clear signs of contamination were observed. The helium processing technique was used to improve the performance of the SRF cavity with respect to field emission. This paper will discuss the results of the above-mentioned test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFAV006  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 14 January 2022 — Accepted ※ 27 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 May 2022
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