Keyword: MMI
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SUPCAV008 Design and Construction of Nb3Sn Vapor Diffusion Coating System at KEK cavity, vacuum, radio-frequency, operation 23
  • K. Takahashi, T. Okada
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito, E. Kako, T. Konomi, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  Vapor diffusion Nb3Sn coating system was developed at KEK. At most 1.3GHz 3-cell cavity can be coat with the coating system. The coating system consists of a coating chamber made of Nb, a vacuum furnace for heating the Nb chamber, and a heating device of Tin in the crucible. The Nb chamber vacuum and the furnace vacuum are isolated to prevent contamination from the furnace. There is a heating device for increasing Tin vapor pressure. In this presentation, the design and construction of the coating system are reported.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 November 2021 — Issue date; ※ 11 April 2022  
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SUPFDV015 Preliminary Results from Magnetic Field Scanning System for a Single-Cell Niobium Cavity cavity, SRF, niobium, experiment 96
  • I.P. Parajuli, G. Ciovati, J.R. Delayen, A.V. Gurevich
    ODU, Norfolk, Virginia, USA
  • G. Ciovati, J.R. Delayen
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  One of the building blocks of modern particle accelerators is superconducting radiofrequency (SRF) cavities. Niobium is the material of choice to build such cavities, which operate at liquid helium temperature (2 - 4 K) and have some of the highest quality factors found in Nature. There are several sources of residual losses, one of them is trapped magnetic flux, which limits the quality factor in SRF cavities. The flux trapping mechanism depends on different niobium surface preparations and cool-down conditions. Suitable diagnostic tools are not yet available to study the effects of such conditions on magnetic flux trapping. A magnetic field scanning system (MFSS) for SRF cavities using Hall probes and Fluxgate magnetometer has been designed, built, and is commissioned to measure the local magnetic field trapped in 1.3 GHz single-cell SRF cavities at 4 K. In this contribution, we will present the preliminary results from MFSS for a single cell niobium cavity.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 08 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 27 April 2022
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SUPTEV006 Commissioning of a Calibration Device for Second Sound Quench Detection cavity, SRF, superconductivity, software 124
  • L. Ebeling, D. Reschke, L. Steder
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • W. Hillert
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  An important part of research and development in the field of superconducting radio frequency technology is the quench detection since these breakdowns of superconductivity often limit the cavity performance. Although the second sound based quench detection is widely used, only few studies dealing with its systematic uncertainties exist. Hence, the vertical test stands at the cavity test facility of DESY were extended by calibration device prototypes in order to estimate the accuracy of this method. For the first time at DESY, artificial signals have been generated and reconstructed by heating power film resistors. These second sound signals are determined using noise canceling algorithms and the existing reconstruction software. To evaluate the reconstructed positions, the absolute distance between reconstructed and true coordinates is calculated. Thus, a first uncertainty map of the cavity surface is created to quantify the reconstruction results of actual cavity quenches including systematic effects of the quench positioning like the varying sensor coverage around the cavity.  
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About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 20 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 30 April 2022
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MOOFAV02 Status of the RAON Superconducting Linear Accelerator cavity, cryomodule, linac, cryogenics 175
  • Y.U. Sohn, T.Y. Ki, Y. Kim, M. Lee, K.T. Seol
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
  Funding: Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT)
RAON, being constructed as the Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP) by the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) since 2011 is a flagship heavy ion accelerator facility in Korea to promote fundamental science and application of isotope nuclei and related science. The installation of the heavy ion accelerator systems including injector, rare isotope (RI) production systems, and experimental systems are currently being progressed toward to commissioning of RAON, while the civil construction of the RAON site in Shindong, Daejeon of Korea, is going to finish in 2021. The superconducting LINAC with low energy, so-call SCL3 as the 1st phase will be commissioned on the December of 2021. The overview RAON accelerator facility and status of RISP are reported in this paper.
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About • Received ※ 26 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 05 April 2022 — Issue date; ※ 16 May 2022  
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MOOFAV10 Completion of FRIB Superconducting Linac and Phased Beam Commissioning linac, cryomodule, cavity, SRF 197
  • T. Xu, Y. Al-Mahmoud, H. Ao, J. Asciutto, B. Bird, J. Bonofiglio, B. Bullock, N.K. Bultman, F. Casagrande, W. Chang, Y. Choi, C. Compton, J.C. Curtin, K.D. Davidson, K. Elliott, A. Facco, V. Ganni, A. Ganshyn, J. Gao, P.E. Gibson, Y. Hao, W. Hartung, N.M. Hasan, L. Hodges, K. Holland, J.D. Hulbert, M. Ikegami, T. Kanemura, S.H. Kim, P. Knudsen, Z. Li, S.M. Lidia, G. Machicoane, C. Magsig, P.E. Manwiller, F. Marti, T. Maruta, K.E. McGee, E.S. Metzgar, S.J. Miller, D.G. Morris, H. Nguyen, P.N. Ostroumov, A.S. Plastun, J.T. Popielarski, L. Popielarski, X. Rao, M.A. Reaume, H.T. Ren, K. Saito, M. Shuptar, A. Stolz, A. Taylor, B.P. Tousignant, A.D.F. Victory, D.R. Victory, J. Wei, E.M. Wellman, J.D. Wenstrom, Y. Yamazaki, C. Zhang, Q. Zhao, S. Zhao
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • K. Hosoyama
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • M.P. Kelly
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  • R.E. Laxdal
    TRIUMF, Vancouver, Canada
  • M. Wiseman
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661.
The Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) is an ac-celerator-based facility funded by the US Department of Energy for nuclear physics research. FRIB is nearing the end of technical construction, with first user beams ex-pected in Summer 2022. Key features are the delivery of a variety of rare isotopes with a beam energy of ’ 200 MeV/u and a beam power of up to 400 kW. The facility is upgradable to 400 MeV/u and multi-user capability. The FRIB driver linac consists of 324 superconducting resonators and 69 superconducting solenoids in 46 cry-omodules. FRIB is the first linac to deploy a large number of HWRs (220) and the first heavy ion linac to operate at 2 K. We report on the completion of production and in-stallation of the FRIB cryomodules and phased beam commissioning results.
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About • Received ※ 12 August 2021 — Revised ※ 16 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 04 May 2022
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MOPTEV005 Commissioning of RF Power Coupler for BISOL R&D Research cavity, ISOL, SRF, vacuum 208
  • F. Zhu, S.W. Quan, Z.Q. Yao
    PKU, Beijing, People’s Republic of China
  RF power coupler is a key component of superconducting accelerating system. BISOL (Beijing isotope separation on line type rare ion beam facility) has two superconducting linear accelerators. Half wave resonators (HWRs) are adopted for the high intensity deuteron accelerator, and quarter wave resonators (QWRs) are used to accelerate heavy ions for the post acclerator. For the pre-research of BISOL, we designed a 162.5 MHz RF power coupler which can transmit CW 20 kW power for HWR cavities. It can also transmit 1-5 kW 81.25 MHz power for QWR cavity horizontal test study. A prototype of the coupler has been fabricated and proceeded the high power conditioning.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 29 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 17 January 2022 — Issue date ※ 21 February 2022
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MOPTEV010 RF System Experience for FRIB Half Wave Resonators controls, cavity, linac, detector 226
  • S. Zhao, W. Chang, E. Daykin, E. Gutierrez, S.H. Kim, S.R. Kunjir, T.L. Larter, D.G. Morris, J.T. Popielarski
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  Funding: Work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science under Cooperative Agreement DE-SC0000661.
The installation and commissioning of the FRIB superconducting linac adopts a phased strategy. In SRF’19 we reported the progress on the commissioning of the linear segment 1 (LS1) which contains mainly the quarter wave resonators (QWRs). In this paper, we will report the recent progress on the commissioning of the remainder of the linac, including linear segment 2 (LS2), folding segment 2 (FS2) and linear segment 3 (LS3), focusing on the RF system experience for the half wave resonators (HWRs). Compared to the QWRs, the HWRs have a different type of tuner, run at higher power levels and have additional components (for example, high voltage bias tee for multipacting suppression and spark detector). Topics such as nonlinear tuner control for the pneumatic tuners; auto turn on/off implementation; and early issues and failures will be discussed in more detail.
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About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 22 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 16 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 22 November 2021
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MOPTEV014 New Improved Horizontal Electropolishing System for SRF Cavities cavity, controls, cathode, operation 237
  • C.E. Reece, S. Castagnola, P. Denny, A.L.A. Mitchell
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OThR23177.
The best performance of niobium SRF accelerating cavities is obtained with surfaces smoothed with electropolishing chemical finishing. Jefferson Lab has recently specified, procured, installed, and commissioned a new versatile production electropolishing (EP) tool. Experience with EP research and operations at JLab as well as vendor interactions and experience guided development of the system specification. Detailed design and fabrication was awarded by contract to Semiconductor Process Equipment Corporation (SPEC). The delivered system was integrated into the JLab chemroom infrastructure and commissioned in 2020. The new EP tool provides much improved heat exchange from the circulating H2SO4/HF electrolyte and also the cavity via variable temperature external cooling water flow, resulting in quite uniform cavity wall temperature control and thus improved removal uniformity. With the JLab infrastructure, stabilized process temperature as low as 5 C is available. We describe the system and illustrate operational modes in this contribution.
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 08 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 31 March 2022
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MOPFAV002 Commissioning of the UKRI STFC Daresbury Vertical Test Facility for Jacketed SRF Cavities cavity, SRF, cryogenics, operation 308
  • A.J. May, A.A. Akintola, A.R. Bainbridge, R.K. Buckley, G. Collier, P.A. Corlett, K.D. Dumbell, M.J. Ellis, S. Hitchen, P.C. Hornickel, G. Hughes, C.R. Jenkins, P.A. McIntosh, K.J. Middleman, A.J. Moss, N. Pattalwar, S.M. Pattalwar, M.D. Pendleton, P.A. Smith, A.E. Wheelhouse, AAJ. White, S. Wilde
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.D. Hancock, J. Hathaway, C. Hodgkinson, G. Jones, M. Lowe, D.A. Mason, G. Miller, J. Mutch, A. Oates, P. Sollars, J.T.G. Wilson
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  A novel vertical test facility has been developed at the STFC Daresbury Laboratory. The VTF is designed to test 3 jacketed SRF cavities in a horizontal configuration in a single cool-down run at 2 K. Cavities were tested at low power levels for HOMs and passband modes, and Q vs E field measurements at high power levels. The specification requires an unloaded Q of 5·109 at a field gradient of 19.9 MV/m. The cavities are cooled with superfluid helium filled into their individual helium jackets. This reduces the liquid helium consumption by more than 70% in comparison with the conventional facilities operational elsewhere. The facility will be used to conduct a 2-year program to qualify 84 high-beta SRF cavities for the European Spallation Source as part of the UK’s in-kind contribution. This paper reports on the commissioning program, along with a detailed discussion of the RF and cryogenic operations and performance of the facility.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 20 October 2021
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MOPFAV004 First Vertical Test of a Prototype Crab Cavity for HL-LHC at FREIA Laboratory in Uppsala University cavity, experiment, SRF, dipole 313
  • A. Miyazaki, K. Fransson, K.J. Gajewski, L. Hermansson, R.J.M.Y. Ruber
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  We developed and commissioned a new vertical test stand at FREIA Laboratory for the High-Lumi LHC project. The first cold test was performed with a prototype crab cavity (Double-Quarter-Wave cavity) and the obtained result met the project specification. This opened a new opportunity at Uppsala University for SRF science and engineering. In this poster, the result of the first cold test and plans for future experiments are presented.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 14 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 07 October 2021
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WEOCAV06 Saraf-Phase 2 Low-Beta and High-Beta Superconducting Cavities Qualification cavity, linac, cryomodule, SRF 703
  • G. Ferrand, G. Jullien, S. Ladegaillerie, N. Misiara, N. Pichoff, C. Servouin
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • M. Baudrier, E. Fayette, L. Maurice
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  • A. Navitski, L. Zweibaeumer
    RI Research Instruments GmbH, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany
  CEA is committed to delivering a Medium Energy Beam Transfer line and a superconducting linac (SCL) for SARAF accelerator in order to accelerate 5 mA beam of either protons from 1.3 MeV to 35 MeV or deuterons from 2.6 MeV to 40 MeV. The SCL consists in four cryomodules. The first two identical cryomodules host 6 half-wave resonator (HWR) low beta cavities (β= 0.09) at 176 MHz. The last two identical cryomodules will host 7 HWR high-beta cavities (β = 0.18) at 176 MHz. The low-beta prototypes was qualified in 2019. Low-beta series manufacturing is on-going. The high-beta prototype was first tested in 2019 but failed. A new prototype was tested in the end of 2020. This contribution will present the results of the tests for low- and high-beta SARAF cavities, series and prototypes.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 17 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 20 December 2021 — Issue date ※ 17 May 2022
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THPFAV004 Solenoid Automatic Turn-On and Degaussing for FRIB Cryomodules solenoid, controls, cryomodule, status 737
  • W. Chang, Y. Choi, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, T. Xu, C. Zhang
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  The superconducting driver linac for the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) will accelerate heavy ions to 200 MeV per nucleon. The linac includes 46 SRF cryomodules, with a total of 69 solenoid packages for beam focusing and steering. For efficient beam commissioning and future operation, all of the solenoids must be turned on and reach a stable operating condition in a short time. Additionally, when a warm-up of the cryomodules is needed, degaussing of the solenoid packages is needed to minimize the residual magnetic field in the SRF cavities. An automatic turn-on and degaussing program had been implemented for FRIB cryomodules to meet these requirements. This paper will describe the design, development, and implementation of the automated solenoid control program.  
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About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 19 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 15 December 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 March 2022
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