Keyword: operation
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SUPCAV008 Design and Construction of Nb3Sn Vapor Diffusion Coating System at KEK cavity, vacuum, radio-frequency, MMI 23
 
  • K. Takahashi, T. Okada
    Sokendai, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Ito, E. Kako, T. Konomi, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Vapor diffusion Nb3Sn coating system was developed at KEK. At most 1.3GHz 3-cell cavity can be coat with the coating system. The coating system consists of a coating chamber made of Nb, a vacuum furnace for heating the Nb chamber, and a heating device of Tin in the crucible. The Nb chamber vacuum and the furnace vacuum are isolated to prevent contamination from the furnace. There is a heating device for increasing Tin vapor pressure. In this presentation, the design and construction of the coating system are reported.  
poster icon Poster SUPCAV008 [0.981 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPCAV008  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 November 2021 — Issue date; ※ 11 April 2022  
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SUPCAV013 Multipacting Analysis of the Quadripolar Resonator (QPR) at HZB multipactoring, electron, simulation, quadrupole 42
 
  • S. Bira, D. Longuevergne
    Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, Orsay, France
  • Y. Kalboussi
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • Th. Proslier
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
 
  Multipacting (MP) is a resonating electron discharge, often plaguing radio-frequency (RF) structures, produced by the synchronization of emitted electrons with the RF fields and the electron multiplication at the impact point with the surface structure. The electron multiplication can take place only if the secondary emission yield (SEY, i.e. the number of electrons emitted due to the impact of one incoming electron), , is higher than 1. The SEY value depends strongly on the material and the surface contamination. Multipacting simulations are crucial in high-frenquency (HF) vacuum structures to localize and potentially improve the geometry. In this work, multipacting simulations were carried out on the geometry of the Quadrupole Resonator (QPR) in operation at HZB using the Spark 3D module in Microwave Studio suite (CST). These simulations helped to understand a particular behavior observed during the QPR tests, and furthermore made it possible to suggest enhancement ways in order to limit this phenomenon and facilitate its operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPCAV013  
About • Received ※ 09 July 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 09 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 07 May 2022
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SUPTEV008 CW Operation of Conduction-Cooled Nb3Sn SRF Cavity cavity, SRF, cryomodule, controls 133
 
  • N.A. Stilin, A.T. Holic, M. Liepe, R.D. Porter, J. Sears, Z. Sun
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  Significant progress in the performance of SRF cavities coated with Nb3Sn films during the last few years has provided an energy efficient alternative to traditional Nb cavities, thereby initiating a fundamental shift in SRF technology. These Nb3Sn cavities can operate at significantly higher temperatures than Nb cavities while simultaneously requiring less cooling power. This allows for the use of new cryogenic cooling schemes based on conduction cooling with robust, commercialized turn-key style cryocoolers. Cornell University has developed and tested a 2.6 GHz Nb3Sn cavity assembly which utilizes such cooling methods. These tests have demonstrated stable RF operation at 10 MV/m with measured thermal dynamics which match numerical simulations. These results also serve as a foundation for designing a new standalone SRF cryomodule which will use a pair of cryocoolers to cool a 1.3 GHz Nb3Sn cavity with an input coupler capable of supporting high beam current operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV008  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 13 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 08 November 2021  
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SUPTEV013 Validation of the 650 MHz SRF Cavity Tuner for PIP-II at 2 K cavity, SRF, linac, proton 151
 
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • S.K. Chandrasekaran, S. Cheban, G.V. Eremeev, F. Furuta, T.N. Khabiboulline, Y.M. Pischalnikov, O.V. Prokofiev, A.I. Sukhanov, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The PIP-II linac will include thirty-six β=0.61 and twenty-four β=0.92 650 MHz 5 cell elliptical SRF cavities. Each cavity will be equipped with a tuning system consisting of a double lever slow tuner for coarse frequency tuning and a piezoelectric actuator for fine frequency tuning. One dressed cavity equipped with an SRF tuner has been tested in the horizontal test stand at Fermilab. Results of testing the cavity-tuner system will be presented.  
poster icon Poster SUPTEV013 [0.830 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV013  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 26 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 02 May 2022
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SUPTEV014 SRF Cavity Tuners for 3.9 GHz Cryomodules for LCLS-II Project cavity, cryomodule, SRF, FEL 155
 
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • T.T. Arkan, T.N. Khabiboulline, Y.M. Pischalnikov, G.V. Romanov, R.P. Stanek, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Fermilab conducted testing of three 3.9 GHz cryomodules for the LCLS-II project that will operate in continuous wave mode. A fast/fine tuning component was added to the LCLS-II 3.9 GHz tuner design due to the cavity bandwidth of 130 Hz which consists of two encapsulated piezos. Several cavities faced problems with fast-tuner operations after cooldown to 2 K and tuning the cavities to 3.9 GHz in cryomodule 2. All the piezo actuators were in working conditions but the slow tuner ranges required to stretch some of the cavities to the operational 3.9 GHz frequency were too small to deliver the required preload on the piezos. This behavior can be attributed to several factors: setting the initial warm cavity frequency during production too high, pressure tests of the warm cryomodule could have changed cavity frequency; and the small bending and twisting of the cavity-tuner system during the cooldown and warmup of the cavities. A decision was made to inelastically retune the warm cavities to decrease the unrestrained frequency by 200-300 kHz, this was done via the slow tuner. The results for this retuning method of three 3.9GHz cryomodules will be discussed.  
poster icon Poster SUPTEV014 [0.715 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV014  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 23 January 2022 — Issue date; ※ 09 April 2022  
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SUPTEV015 Mitigation of Dielectric Heating of Piezoelectric Actuators at Cryogenic Temperatures cavity, SRF, linac, resonance 159
 
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • Y.M. Pischalnikov, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The new generation of low beam intensity superconducting linacs will require high accelerating gradients for new scientific discoveries. The high accelerating gradient cavities in pulsed SRF linacs will experience large (~1000’s of Hz) detuning caused by Lorentz force detuning (LFD). The piezo actuators that will be used to compensate large LFD must operate at a nominal voltage of 120V to 150V to deliver the required stroke to the cavity. In this high voltage range, the piezo is expected to warm up drastically due to its location in an insulating vacuum environment. Overheating of the piezo will significantly decrease the longevity of the actuator. A collaboration between FNAL and Physik Instrumente (PI) developed a novel piezo actuator design that mitigates piezo overheating. The design consists of using a metal foam in contact with the piezoelectric ceramic stack for heat removal. The second solution used lithium niobite as an alternative material. A comparison of the temperature stability will be presented and discussed. This study characterizes the dielectric properties for both materials. The results obtained are in the temperature range of 10 K to 300 K.  
poster icon Poster SUPTEV015 [0.728 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV015  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 October 2021 — Issue date ※ 09 April 2022
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MOOFAV05 Proton Improvement Plan ’ II: Overview of Progress in the Construction cavity, cryomodule, SRF, linac 182
 
  • A.L. Klebaner, C. Boffo, S.K. Chandrasekaran, D. Passarelli, G. Wu
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: US Department of Energy
The Proton Improvement Plan II (PIP-II) project is an essential upgrade to Fermilab’s particle accelerator complex to enable the world’s most intense neutrino beam for LBNF/DUNE and a broad particle physics program for many decades to come. PIP-II will deliver 1.2 MW of proton beam power from the Main Injector, upgradeable to multi-MW capability. The central element of PIP-II is an 800 MeV linac, which comprises a room temperature front end followed by an SRF accelerator. The front end has been constructed and operated with (pulsed & CW) beam in the PIP-II Injector Test facility (PIP2IT). The SRF accelerator consists of five different types of cavities/cryomodules, including Half Wave Resonators (HWR), Single Spoke and elliptical resonators operating at state-of-the-art parameters. The first two PIP-II cryomodules, HWR and Single Spoke Resonator 1 (SSR1) are installed in PIP2IT and have accelerated beam to 17 MeV. PIP-II is the first U.S. accelerator project that will be constructed with significant contributions from international partners, including India, Italy, France, United Kingdom and Poland. The project was recently baselined, and site construction is underway
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV05  
About • Received ※ 13 August 2021 — Revised ※ 14 January 2022 — Accepted ※ 21 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 13 March 2022
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MOOFAV06 Four Years of Successful Operation of the European XFEL cavity, linac, FEL, controls 190
 
  • J. Branlard, S. Choroba, M.K. Grecki, S. Köpke, D. Kostin, D. Nölle, V. Vogel, N. Walker, S. Wiesenberg
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  The European X-Ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL) has been successfully operating for almost 4 years, and routinely delivering 6- to 14-KeV X-rays to users (30 KeV photon energy was demonstrated). At the heart of the machine is the 1.3 km long 1.3 GHz SCRF linac which can reach a maximum electron energy of 17.6 GeV, and is capable of accelerating up to 2700 bunches per RF pulse at a repetition rate of 10 Hz, delivering beam to 6 experiments via 3 SASE undulator sections. In this contribution, we relate on the linac operational experience and highlight some recent developments towards monitoring and improving operations and linac availability.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOOFAV06  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 18 September 2021  
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MOPTEV002 Extended Range SRF Cavity Tuner for LCLS II HE Project cavity, cryomodule, SRF, linac 203
 
  • Y.M. Pischalnikov, T.T. Arkan, C.J. Grimm, B.D. Hartsell, J.A. Kaluzny, T.N. Khabiboulline, Y.O. Orlov, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authorized by Fermi Research Alliance LLC under Contract N. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with U.S. Department of Energy.
The off-frequency detune method is being considered to be applied in the LCLS-II-HE superconducting linac to produce multi-energy electron beams for supporting multiple undulator lines simultaneously. To deliver off-frequency operation (OFO) requirements for SRF cavity tuner must be changed. Tuner design modifications and results of the testing eight cavity/tuner system, deployed in verification cryomodule (vCM), will be presented.
 
poster icon Poster MOPTEV002 [0.705 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV002  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 16 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 23 September 2021
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MOPTEV007 RF Conditioning of 120 kW CW 1.3 GHz High Power Couplers for the bERLinPro Energy Recovery Linac cavity, vacuum, SRF, booster 216
 
  • A. Neumann, W. Anders, A. Frahm, F. Göbel, A. Heugel, S. Klauke, J. Knobloch, M. Schuster, Y. Tamashevich
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
 
  Funding: The work is funded by the Helmholtz-Association, BMBF, the state of Berlin and HZB.
This year, the commissioning of the 50 MeV, 100 mA bERLinPro Energy Recovery Linac test facility [1] will resume. For the Booster cryo-module of the injector line, operated with three modified 1.3 GHz Cornell style 2-cell SRF cavities, a new type of power coupler was developed, based on KEK’s C-ERL injector coupler. Modifications were made for a stronger coupling and lower emittance diluting coupler tip variant, a so-called "Golf Tee" shape and the cooling concept was redesigned based on KEK’s first experiences. For the final stage, the injector needs to deliver a low emittance beam of 100 mA average beam current at 6.5 MeV. That results in a traveling and continuous wave forward power requirement of up to 120 kW each of the twin setup feeding one Booster cavity. In this contribution we will give a short overview of the RF design and its impact on the beam’s emittance, give an overview of the conditioning teststand and the results achieved with the first pairs of couplers.
[1] M. Abo-Bakr et al., in Proc. 9th Int. Particle Accelerator Conf. (IPAC’18), Vancouver, BC, Canada, Apr. 4,, pp. 4127-4130, doi:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF034
 
poster icon Poster MOPTEV007 [2.461 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV007  
About • Received ※ 19 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 17 January 2022  
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MOPTEV014 New Improved Horizontal Electropolishing System for SRF Cavities cavity, controls, cathode, MMI 237
 
  • C.E. Reece, S. Castagnola, P. Denny, A.L.A. Mitchell
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OThR23177.
The best performance of niobium SRF accelerating cavities is obtained with surfaces smoothed with electropolishing chemical finishing. Jefferson Lab has recently specified, procured, installed, and commissioned a new versatile production electropolishing (EP) tool. Experience with EP research and operations at JLab as well as vendor interactions and experience guided development of the system specification. Detailed design and fabrication was awarded by contract to Semiconductor Process Equipment Corporation (SPEC). The delivered system was integrated into the JLab chemroom infrastructure and commissioned in 2020. The new EP tool provides much improved heat exchange from the circulating H2SO4/HF electrolyte and also the cavity via variable temperature external cooling water flow, resulting in quite uniform cavity wall temperature control and thus improved removal uniformity. With the JLab infrastructure, stabilized process temperature as low as 5 C is available. We describe the system and illustrate operational modes in this contribution.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV014  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 08 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 31 March 2022
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MOPTEV015 Spoke Tuner for the Minerva Project cavity, linac, resonance, controls 241
 
  • N. Gandolfo, S. Blivet, P. Duchesne, D. Le Dréan
    Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, Orsay, France
 
  In the framework of the MINERVA construction (MYRRHA Isotopes productioN coupling the linEar acceleRator to the Versatile proton target fAcility), a fully equipped prototype cryomodule is being developed. In order to control the resonance frequency of the cavities during operation, a deformation tuner has been studied. The kinematic model is based on a double lever system coupled with a screw nut linear actuator. The motion is generated by a stepper motor and two piezoelectric actuators working at low temperatures within the thermal insulation vacuum of the cryomodule. Key parameter of this work is the high tuning speed which is required to fulfill the fault tolerance strategy. This paper reports the design study and first tests of the built tuners at room temperature and in vertical cryostat configuration.  
poster icon Poster MOPTEV015 [3.179 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV015  
About • Received ※ 28 June 2021 — Revised ※ 15 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 April 2022
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MOPTEV017 Development and Operation of PIP-II Injector Test, SSR1 Cryomodule, 325 MHz Amplifiers cavity, rf-amplifier, radio-frequency, cryomodule 245
 
  • J. Steimel, V.M. Grzelak, D.W. Peterson
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • V.R. Bala, S.K. Bharade, G. Joshi, R. Keshwani, J.K. Mishra, M.M. Pande, S. Shrotriya, H. Shukla, S. Singh, C.I. Sujo
    BARC, Mumbai, India
  • D. Balakrishna, N. Chikte, S. Dubey, C. G, V. Gollapalli, J. K Chandra, V. Kumar, M. M, A. Maheshwari, S.N. Nagaratnam, G. Poornima, T.V.S. Thalluri
    ECIL, Hyderabad, India
 
  Funding: 1Fermilab, U.S.Department of Energy 2 Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India 3 Electronic Corporation of India, Department of Atomic Energy, Government of India
The PIP-II Injector Test (PIP2IT) has successfully accelerated ionized hydrogen up to 17MeV through a superconducting, single spoke resonator (SSR1) cryomodule at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL). Each of the SSR1 cavities is tuned to 325MHz and requires up to 6 kW of RF power to accelerate 2mA of ionized hydrogen at the design gradients. RF power amplifiers, specialized for SRF cavity beam operations, were designed by Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC) and constructed in a collaboration between the BARC in Mumbai, India and the Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL) in Hyderabad, India. The RF amplifiers meet the specifications and requirements mutually approved between BARC and FNAL. They operate at 325 MHz with a linear power output of 7 kW in both CW and pulse mode. The amplifiers are compatible with the FNAL accelerator personnel safety system and the cavity protection interlocks. Access to controls and internal diagnostic instrumentation are compatible with EPICS control standards. This paper gives details about RF power amplifier development within the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE), India and the operational details with PIP2IT at FNAL.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV017  
About • Received ※ 28 June 2021 — Revised ※ 08 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 14 May 2022
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MOPCAV001 Cavity Production and Testing of the First C75 Cryomodule for CEBAF cavity, cryomodule, GUI, HOM 250
 
  • G. Ciovati, G. Cheng, E. Daly, G.K. Davis, M.A. Drury, J.F. Fischer, D. Forehand, K. Macha, F. Marhauser, E.A. McEwen, A.L.A. Mitchell, A.V. Reilly, R.A. Rimmer, S. Wang
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177.
The CEBAF cryomodule rework program was updated over the last few years to increase the energy gain of refurbished cryomodules to 75 MeV. The concept recycles the waveguide end-groups from original CEBAF cavities fabricated in the 1990s and replaces the five elliptical cells in each with a new optimized cell shape fabricated from large-grain, ingot Nb material. Eight cavities were fabricated at Research Instruments, Germany, and two cavities were built at Jefferson Lab. Each cavity was processed by electropolishing and tested at 2.07 K. The best eight cavities were assembled into ’cavity pairs’ and re-tested at 2.07 K, before assembly into the cryomodule. All but one cavity in the cryomodule were within 10% of the target accelerating gradient of 19 MV/m with a quality factor of 8·109. The performance limitations were field emission and multipacting.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPCAV001  
About • Received ※ 17 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 February 2022 — Issue date; ※ 10 April 2022  
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MOPCAV005 Status of SNS Proton Power Upgrade SRF Cavities Production Qualification cavity, cryomodule, proton, site 265
 
  • P. Dhakal, E. Daly, G.K. Davis, J.F. Fischer, D. Forehand, N.A. Huque, A.L.A. Mitchell, P.D. Owen
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • M.P. Howell, S.-H. Kim, J.D. Mammosser
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
 
  The Proton Power Upgrade project at Oak Ridge National Lab’s Spallation Neutron Source (SNS PPU) currently being constructed will double the proton beam power from 1.4 to 2.8 MW by adding 7 additional cryomodules, each contains four six-cell high beta (\beta = 0.81) superconducting radio frequency cavities. The cavities were built by Research Instruments, Germany, with all the cavity processing done at the vendor site, including electropolishing as the final active chemistry step. All 28 cavities needed for 7 cryomodules were delivered to Jefferson Lab, ready to be tested. The cryogenic RF qualifications and helium vessel welding were done at Jefferson Lab. The performance largely exceed the requirements, and greatly exceeded the performance of the original SNS cavity production series. Here, we present the summary of RF test on production cavities to this date.
This manuscript has been authored by Jefferson Science Associates, LLC under U.S. DOE Contract No. DE-AC05-06OR23177.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPCAV005  
About • Received ※ 19 June 2021 — Revised ※ 10 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 12 March 2022 — Issue date ※ 06 April 2022
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MOPCAV014 The Development of a Prototype Fundamental Power Coupler for CiADS and HIAF Half Wave Resonators cavity, simulation, linac, coupling 295
 
  • T.C. Jiang, F. Bai, Y. He, Z.Q. Lin, Y.Q. Wan, R.X. Wang, Z.J. Wang, M. Xu, S.H. Zhang
    IMP/CAS, Lanzhou, People’s Republic of China
 
  More than 100 Half-wave resonators (HWR) will be adopted for China Initiative Accelerator Driven Sys-tem (CiADS) and High Intensity heavy-ion Accelerator Facility (HIAF) at IMP. Each HWR cavity equips with one variable coupling, dual-warm-ceramic fundamen-tal power coupler (FPC). The FPC should be able to transmit up to 30 kW in CW mode. This paper will give an overview of the RF design of the 162.5 MHz CW power coupler. The coupler employs two warm ceram-ics in a 50 Ω coaxial line to ensure operation relia-bility. The results of thermal and thermomechanical will also be reported. Two prototype couplers have been fabricated and the RF measurements with low RF power were carried out.  
poster icon Poster MOPCAV014 [1.123 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPCAV014  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 01 April 2022 — Issue date; ※ 07 April 2022  
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MOPCAV015 Development of QWRS for the Future Upgrade of JAEA Tandem Superconducting Booster booster, cavity, acceleration, tandem-accelerator 299
 
  • Y. Kondo, H. Kabumoto, M. Matsuda
    JAEA, Ibaraki-ken, Japan
  • T. Dohmae, E. Kako, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • H. Harada, J. Kamiya, K. Moriya, J. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  The Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) tandem booster is one of the pioneering superconducting heavy ion linac in the world. It consists of 40 QWRs with an operation frequency of 130 MHz and βopt=0.1, and has potential to accelerate various ions up to Au to 10 MeV/u. The user operation was started in 1994, however, it has been suspended since the Great East Japan Earthquake in 2011. Recently, we started activities to investigate and improve the performance of the QWR cavities towards the restart of the tandem booster. In addition, design work of new lower beta cavities to improve the acceleration efficiency of heavier ions such as Uranium has been launched. Now we are surveying some operation frequencies and types of cavities including multi-gap QWR with use of electro-magnetic simulation of the cavities. In this work, the current status of the R&D program for the JAEA tandem facility is presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPCAV015  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 01 October 2021  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
MOPCAV016 HOM Couplers and RF Antennas for HL-LHC Crab Cavities: Developments for Manufacturing HOM, cavity, niobium, SRF 303
 
  • S. Barrière, S. Atieh, B. Bulat, R. Calaga, S.J. Calvo, O. Capatina, T. Demazière, G. Favre, A. Gallifa Terricabras, M. Garlasché, J.-M. Geisser, J.A. Mitchell, E. Montesinos, F. Motschmann, P. Naisson, R. Ninet, L. Prever-Loiri, L.R.A. Renaglia, K. Scibor, N. Villanti
    CERN, Geneva, Switzerland
 
  Superconducting RF crab cavities are being manufactured as part of the HL-LHC upgrade at CERN. Amongst its related ancillaries, radiofrequency HOM (High Order Modes) suppressors and field antennas are essential for reaching nominal performance during operation with high energy beams, as they monitor and control the electromagnetic fields in the cavities. Several concepts of such equipment have been engineered and manufactured, for both design validation and RF performance assessment. The following paper highlights manufacturing process definition, its challenges and the assembly strategies focusing on the ongoing RFD prototypes for the SPS beam tests. Specific tooling development and test campaigns are also described.  
poster icon Poster MOPCAV016 [1.452 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPCAV016  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 10 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 11 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 18 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
MOPFAV002 Commissioning of the UKRI STFC Daresbury Vertical Test Facility for Jacketed SRF Cavities cavity, SRF, cryogenics, MMI 308
 
  • A.J. May, A.A. Akintola, A.R. Bainbridge, R.K. Buckley, G. Collier, P.A. Corlett, K.D. Dumbell, M.J. Ellis, S. Hitchen, P.C. Hornickel, G. Hughes, C.R. Jenkins, P.A. McIntosh, K.J. Middleman, A.J. Moss, N. Pattalwar, S.M. Pattalwar, M.D. Pendleton, P.A. Smith, A.E. Wheelhouse, AAJ. White, S. Wilde
    STFC/DL/ASTeC, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
  • M.D. Hancock, J. Hathaway, C. Hodgkinson, G. Jones, M. Lowe, D.A. Mason, G. Miller, J. Mutch, A. Oates, P. Sollars, J.T.G. Wilson
    STFC/DL, Daresbury, Warrington, Cheshire, United Kingdom
 
  A novel vertical test facility has been developed at the STFC Daresbury Laboratory. The VTF is designed to test 3 jacketed SRF cavities in a horizontal configuration in a single cool-down run at 2 K. Cavities were tested at low power levels for HOMs and passband modes, and Q vs E field measurements at high power levels. The specification requires an unloaded Q of 5·109 at a field gradient of 19.9 MV/m. The cavities are cooled with superfluid helium filled into their individual helium jackets. This reduces the liquid helium consumption by more than 70% in comparison with the conventional facilities operational elsewhere. The facility will be used to conduct a 2-year program to qualify 84 high-beta SRF cavities for the European Spallation Source as part of the UK’s in-kind contribution. This paper reports on the commissioning program, along with a detailed discussion of the RF and cryogenic operations and performance of the facility.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFAV002  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 20 October 2021
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MOPFAV005 Operation Experience of the Superconducting Linac at RIKEN RIBF radiation, cavity, linac, vacuum 315
 
  • N. Sakamoto, O. Kamigaito, T. Nagatomo, T. Nishi, K. Ozeki, K. Suda, A. Uchiyama, K. Yamada
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
 
  After commissioning of the RIKEN superconducting linac (SRILAC) in the end of FY2019, heavy ion beams were provided to the nuclear physics experiments. In this paper operation history and evolution of field emission levels through the year will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFAV005  
About • Received ※ 02 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 27 October 2021 — Issue date; ※ 10 April 2022  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUOFDV07 Sample Test Systems for Next-Gen SRF Surfaces cavity, SRF, niobium, quadrupole 357
 
  • T.E. Oseroff, M. Liepe, Z. Sun
    Cornell University (CLASSE), Cornell Laboratory for Accelerator-Based Sciences and Education, Ithaca, New York, USA
 
  With the increasing worldwide focus on the development of new surfaces for SRF cavities, exploring alternative materials and multilayer structures, test systems that allow measuring the RF performance of simple sample geometries (e.g., flat samples) become increasingly essential. These systems provide RF performance results that are needed to guide the development of these surfaces. This contribution gives an overview of sample test systems currently available, including the improved Cornell sample host cavity. Recent advances in this important technology, performance specifications, and current limitations are discussed. In addition, an overview is given of interesting recent RF performance results on samples coated with non-niobium bulk and multilayer films.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUOFDV07  
About • Received ※ 08 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 05 September 2021  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPFAV001 Progress on SRF Linac Development for the Accelerator-Driven Subcritical System at JAEA linac, cavity, SRF, optics 372
 
  • B. Yee-Rendón, Y. Kondo, F.M. Maekawa, S.I. Meigo, J. Tamura
    JAEA/J-PARC, Tokai-mura, Japan
 
  To overcome the nuclear waste problem, the Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA) has been developing an accelerator-driven subcritical system (ADS) since the late 1980s. In the JAEA-ADS proposal, an 800 MWth subcritical reactor is driven by a 30 MW cw proton linear accelerator (linac). The biggest challenges for the ADS machines are the high reliability and availability required for their operations. To this end, the present JAEA-ADS linac was redesigned by adopting the current developments in Superconducting Radio-Frequency (SRF) technology. Additionally, we developed a robust lattice to control the beam loss and implemented a fault-tolerance scheme for the fast recovery of SRF cavity failures. This work presents the latest results of the R&D of the JAEA-ADS superconducting linac.  
poster icon Poster TUPFAV001 [0.708 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV001  
About • Received ※ 07 June 2021 — Revised ※ 14 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 26 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPFAV002 Calibration of SRF Cavity Voltage by Measurement of Synchrotron Frequency in SuperKEKB cavity, factory, SRF, pick-up 376
 
  • M. Nishiwaki, K. Akai, T. Furuya, T. Kobayashi, S. Mitsunobu, Y. Morita, T. Okada
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Eight SRF cavity modules, which have been operated in KEKB for more than ten years, are stably operating also in SuperKEKB. As for calibration of the cavity voltage Vc, non-negligible discrepancy was observed between the results obtained from two different methods: one is using external Q value (Qext) of pickup ports, and the other is using loaded Q value (QL) of the cavities. The discrepancy comes from inaccuracy of power measurement in high power RF system and uncertainty of the Qext or QL values. In order to solve the discrepancy by improving the accuracy of the calibration for each individual cavity, we investigated a method by measuring synchrotron frequency fs of stored beam. With this method, Vc calibration can be performed without affected by inaccuracy of high-power measurement or uncertainty of the Qext or QL values. The fs measurement studies were carried out in SuperKEKB. With these studies, Vc calibration was obtained with a high accuracy of about 1%. The results are applied to the SuperKEKB operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV002  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 14 October 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPFAV003 Stable Beam Operation at 33 MV/m in STF-2 Cryomodules at KEK cavity, accelerating-gradient, cryomodule, radiation 382
 
  • Y. Yamamoto, M. Akemoto, D.A. Arakawa, A. Araki, S. Araki, A. Aryshev, T. Dohmae, M. Egi, M.K. Fukuda, K. Hara, H. Hayano, Y. Honda, T. Honma, H. Ito, E. Kako, H. Katagiri, R. Katayama, M. Kawamura, N. Kimura, Y. Kojima, Y. Kondou, T. Konomi, M. Masuzawa, T. Matsumoto, S. Michizono, Y. Morikawa, H. Nakai, H. Nakajima, K. Nakanishi, M. Omet, T. Oyama, T. Saeki, H. Sakai, H. Shimizu, S.I. Takahara, R. Ueki, K. Umemori, A. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • S. Aramoto
    Hiroshima University, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • M. Kuriki
    Hiroshima University, Graduate School of Science, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • Z.J. Liptak
    HU/AdSM, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
  • K. Sakaue
    The University of Tokyo, The School of Engineering, Tokyo, Japan
  • A. Yamamoto
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  In STF at KEK, as the operational demonstration of the SRF accelerator for ILC, the STF-2 cryomodules (CM1+CM2a: one and half size CM with 12 cavities) have achieved 33 MV/m as average accelerating gradient with 7 cavities in Mar/2019. After that, one cavity with the lowest performance installed in CM2a was replaced with one N-infused cavity developed for High-Q/High-G R&D between Japan and US. From this April, the beam operation started again and those CMs achieved 33 MV/m as average accelerating gradient with 9 cavities including one N-infused cavity again. This is the very important milestone for ILC. In this report, the detailed results will be presented.  
poster icon Poster TUPFAV003 [3.015 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFAV003  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 11 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
TUPTEV001 RF Experience from 6 Years of ELBE SRF-Gun II Operation cavity, gun, cathode, SRF 477
 
  • A. Arnold, P.N. Lu, S. Ma, P. Murcek, A.A. Ryzhov, J. Schaber, J. Teichert, H. Vennekate, R. Xiang
    HZDR, Dresden, Germany
  • G. Ciovati, P. Kneisel
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  At the electron accelerator for beams with high brilliance and low emittance (ELBE), the second version of a superconducting radio-frequency (SRF) photoinjector was brought into operation in 2014. After a period of commissioning, a gradual transfer to routine operation took place in 2017 and 2018, so that more than 3000h of user beam have already been generated since 2019. During this time, a total of 20 cathodes (2 Cu, 12 Mg, 6 Cs2Te) were used, but no serious cavity degradation was observed. In this paper, we summarize the operational experience of the last 6 years of SRF gun operation, with special emphasis on the main RF properties of the cavity. This includes the evolution of QvsE, dark current, multipacting, but also mechanical properties such as Lorentz force detuning, helium pressure sensitivity as well as microphonics. The latter is closely connected to an active compensation by a so-called low-level RF feedback loop, which is also briefly presented.  
poster icon Poster TUPTEV001 [2.143 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPTEV001  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 25 December 2021 — Accepted ※ 22 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 16 April 2022
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TUPTEV011 SRF Accelerating Modules Repair at DESY cavity, FEL, SRF, linac 508
 
  • D. Kostin, J. Eschke, K. Jensch, N. Krupka, L. Lilje, A. Muhs, D. Reschke, S. Saegebarth, J. Schaffran, M. Schalwat, P. Schilling, M. Schmökel, S. Sievers, N. Steinhau-Kühl, E. Vogel, H. Weise, M. Wiencek, B. van der Horst
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  Eight SRF cavities assembled in an accelerating module represent a building block of the particle linear accelerator based on TESLA SRF technology. DESY has two machines, European XFEL and FLASH. Both use almost same module and cavity types. During the module assembly many factors can deteriorate the cavity performance and cause a need for a repair action. Currently two European XFEL modules and two FLASH ones underwent reassembly procedures. The repair was not immediately successful on every of these modules and re-iterations did follow. The degradation causes were investigated. SRF modules were tested on both test-stands at DESY: AMTF and CMTB. The results of the described actions are presented and discussed.  
poster icon Poster TUPTEV011 [1.494 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPTEV011  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 November 2021 — Issue date; ※ 01 February 2022  
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TUPTEV012 Progress and Preliminary Statistics for the ESS Series Spoke Cryomodule Test cavity, cryomodule, SRF, LLRF 512
 
  • H. Li, K. Fransson, K.J. Gajewski, L. Hermansson, A. Miyazaki, R.J.M.Y. Ruber, R. Santiago Kern, M. Zhovner
    Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
 
  The European spallation source (ESS), as a world-class high power proton accelerator facility, will be the first one to adopt 26 double spoke resonators (DSR) at its low energy section. As a new superconducting accelerating structure, these DSRs are therefore considered key technology and a challenge for the whole project. They will be the first DSRs in the world to be commissioned for a high power proton accelerator. Since 2019, FREIA Laboratory, Uppsala university, has successfully tested the first DSR prototype cryomodule and is now in charge of the acceptance tests of the ESS series cryomodules prior to installation in the tunnel. The cryomodule test, including cryogenic and RF testing, verifies operation of the cavities, couplers and cold tuning systems. This poster will present the test results for the ESS series spoke cryomodules, including preliminary statistics, experience in general.  
poster icon Poster TUPTEV012 [0.893 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPTEV012  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 18 December 2021 — Accepted ※ 06 May 2022 — Issue date ※ 06 May 2022
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TUPTEV016 Upgrade of the RHIC 56 MHz Superconducting Quarter-Wave Resonator Cryomodule cavity, coupling, cryomodule, HOM 522
 
  • Z.A. Conway, R. Anderson, D. Holmes, K. Mernick, S. Polizzo, S.K. Seberg, F. Severino, K.S. Smith, Q. Wu, B.P. Xiao, W. Xu, A. Zaltsman
    BNL, Upton, New York, USA
 
  Funding: Work supported by Brookhaven Science Associates, LLC under Contract No. DE-SC0012704 with the U.S. Department of Energy.
In preparation for the 2023 RHIC sPHENIX experi-mental program the superconducting 56 MHz quarter-wave resonator cryomodule, used operationally for longitudinal bunch compression with up to 1 MV RF voltage, is being refit to accommodate an expected beam current of 418 mA per ring, an increase of ~1.5 relative to previous operation. The upgrades to the system include an improved fundamental mode damp-er, and dual function fundamental power and higher-order mode damper couplers. This paper will describe the preliminary testing, select subsystem changes and plans for testing the cryomodule prior to installation in the RHIC beam line in 2022.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPTEV016  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 February 2022 — Accepted ※ 22 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 28 April 2022
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WEPFAV004 Status of the Cryogenic Infrastructure for MESA cryomodule, cryogenics, experiment, SRF 539
 
  • T. Stengler, K. Aulenbacher, F. Hug, D. Simon
    KPH, Mainz, Germany
 
  Funding: supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG): EXC 2118/2019
The Institute of Nuclear Physics at the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Germany is currently constructing the Mainz Energy-recovering Superconducting Accelerator (MESA). The centerpiece of the MESA consists of two superconducting cryomodules of the ELBE/Rossendorf type, which are operated at 1.8 K. Furthermore, accelerator elements for polarimetry, a 10 T solenoid, and the external SRF test facility of the Helmholtz Institute Mainz have to be supplied with 4 K helium. One challenge here is to supply the components located throughout the accelerator according to their requirements and to establish a 16mbar system for 1.8 K operation. To ensure the required supply of helium at the different temperature levels, the existing helium liquefier has to be upgraded. The cryogenic infrastructure has to be adapted to the accelerator. The concept of the future cryogenic distribution network is presented in this paper and the design of the cryogenic facilities including the modifications is described in detail.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPFAV004  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 10 April 2022  
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WEPFDV010 Structural Investigation of Nitrogen-Doped Niobium for SRF Cavities cavity, niobium, SRF, superconducting-RF 581
 
  • M. Major, L. Alff, M. Arnold, J. Conrad, S. Flege, R. Grewe, N. Pietralla
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: Work supported by the German Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF) through grant 05H18RDRB2 and the German Research Foundation (DFG) via the AccelencE Research Training Group (GRK 2128).
Niobium is the standard material for superconducting RF (SRF) cavities for particle acceleration. Superconducting materials with higher critical temperature or higher critical magnetic field allow cavities to work at higher operating temperatures or higher accelerating fields, respectively. One direction of search for new materials with better properties is the modification of bulk niobium by nitrogen doping. In the Nb-N phase diagram, the cubic delta-phase of NbN has the highest critical temperature. Niobium samples were annealed and doped with nitrogen in the high-temperature furnace at TU Darmstadt and investigated at its Materials Research Department with respect to structural modifications. X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the appearance of Nb4N3 and Nb2N phases on the surface of the samples. A single cell cavity was annealed under optimized doping conditions. The test samples treated together with the cavity showed almost single Nb4N3 phase. XRD pole figures also showed grain growth during sample annealing.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPFDV010  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 18 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 17 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 19 November 2021
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WEPCAV007 Status and First Tests of the Reduced-Beta Capture Cavity for the S-DALINAC cavity, linac, electron, SRF 597
 
  • S. Weih, M. Arnold, M. Dutine, J. Enders, R. Grewe, L.E. Jürgensen, N. Pietralla, F. Schließmann, M. Steinhorst
    TU Darmstadt, Darmstadt, Germany
 
  Funding: work supported by German research council (DFG) through GRK 2128 ’AccelencE’ and the state of Hesse through the LOEWE research project Nuclear Photonics and the Collaborative Research Cluster ELEMENTS
The superconducting part of the injector section of the superconducting Darmstadt electron linear accelerator (S-DALINAC) [1] consisted of one five-cell capture cavity and two 20-cell cavities at 3 GHz resonance frequency. All of them were geometrically adapted to electron velocities with a beta of 1, while the thermionic gun provides electrons with a beta of 0.74. This mismatch resulted in an insufficient capture process for optimum beam quality. For this reason, a new six-cell capture cavity with a beta of 0.86 has been designed and built. Field flatness tuning, a test in the vertical bath cryostat, and a UHV furnace treatment have been carried out in-house to finalize the cavity processing. The cryostat module was adapted to house the new cavity, which has been recently installed. Following the module assembly, a first RF test run was conducted at the S-DALINAC. We report on these latest advancements towards the implementation of the injector upgrade.
* N. Pietralla, Nuclear Physics News, Vol. 28, No. 2, 4 (2018).
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPCAV007  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Revised ※ 22 December 2021 — Accepted ※ 27 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 March 2022
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WEPTEV007 Review of the Application Piezoelectric Actuators for SRF Cavity Tuners SRF, cavity, cryogenics, vacuum 642
 
  • Y.M. Pischalnikov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authorized by Fermi Research Alliance LLC under Contract N. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with U.S. Department of Energy
Large SRF Linacs and HEP experiments require accurate frequency control, which is achieved using cavity tuners typically actuated by the piezoelectric ceramic stacks. The piezoelectric ceramic stacks became ’standard’ components of the SRF cavity tuner and, depending on the application, could be operated in the different environment: in air, at cryogenic temperature, in vacuum, and submerged in liquid helium. Different applications place different requirements on the piezo actuators, but the important parameters, common to all applications, are the lifetime and reliability of the actuators. Several R&D programs targeting the development of reliable piezo actuators are reviewed in this contribution.
 
poster icon Poster WEPTEV007 [1.215 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV007  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 27 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 September 2021 — Issue date ※ 22 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPTEV008 VSR Demo Cold String: Recent Developments and Manufacturing Status cavity, HOM, SRF, GUI 647
 
  • N.W. Wunderer, V. Dürr, A. Frahm, H.-W. Glock, F. Glöckner, J. Knobloch, E. Sharples-Milne, A.V. Tsakanian, A.V. Vélez
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • M. Bonezzi, A. D’Ambros, R. Paparella
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • J. Guo, J. Henry, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • A.V. Vélez
    Technical University Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
 
  The BESSY VSR project aims to demonstrate the possibility to simultaneously run both long (15ps) and short bunches (1.7ps) within BESSY II storage ring. To achieve this, a new SRF cavity system with higher harmonic cavities (3 and 3.5 harm.) needs to be installed. The combined cavity SRF beating allows for stable bunch shortening for half of the buckets while standard lengths remaining for the other half. These SRF cavities will be equipped with waveguide-connected HOM absorbers and will be controlled with a blade tuner plus piezos. To demonstrate the feasibility of this complex system the VSR DEMO cold string consists of two 1.5 GHz cavities, each featuring five waveguides and a higher power coupler, plus all interconnecting elements coupled to the beam vacuum. For most of these components the fundamental development work is completed and has been reported in the past. This paper summarizes recent enhancements, component detailing and manufacturing status. The key cold string components such as cavities, higher power couplers and blade tuners have already entered the manufacturing phase. All other cold string components will be ready for purchase at the latest beginning of 2022.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV008  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 22 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 05 January 2022
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WEPTEV009 The 1.5 GHz Coupler for VSR DEMO: Final Design Studies, Fabrication Status and Initial Testing Plans cavity, SRF, HOM, coupling 652
 
  • E. Sharples-Milne, V. Dürr, J. Knobloch, S. Schendler, A.V. Vélez, N.W. Wunderer
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • A.V. Vélez
    Technical University Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
 
  The variable pulse length storage ring demo (VSR DEMO) is a research and development project at the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB) to develop and validate a 1.5 GHz SRF system capable of accelerating high CW currents (up to 300 mA) at high accelerating fields (20 MV/m) for application in electron storage rings. Such a system can be employed to tailor the bunch length in synchrotron light source such as BESSY II. VSR DEMO requires a module equipped with two 1.5 GHz 4-cell SRF cavities and all ancillary components required for accelerator operations. This includes one 1.5 GHz fundamental power coupler (FPC) per cavity, designed to handle 16 kW peak and 1.5 kW average power. The final design studies, fabrication status and initial testing plans for these FPCs will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV009  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 09 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPTEV011 Development of In-Situ Plasma Cleaning for the FRIB SRF Linac plasma, cavity, electron, cryomodule 657
 
  • C. Zhang, W. Chang, K. Elliott, W. Hartung, S.H. Kim, J.T. Popielarski, K. Saito, T. Xu
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Development of techniques for in-situ plasma cleaning of quarter-wave and half-wave resonator cryomodules is underway at the Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) at Michigan State University. If SRF cavity performance degradation is seen during future FRIB linac operation, in-situ plasma cleaning may help to restore performance without disassembly of the cavities from the cryomodules for off-line cleaning. A plasma cleaning feasibility study for FRIB cryomodules indicates that plasma cleaning can be done on-line without modifications to the RF couplers or cryomodules. Initial bench measurements have been performed on a FRIB half-wave resonator using noble gases (Ne, Ar), with and without added oxygen gas. The plasma ignition threshold has been measured as a function of gas pressure and composition. Studies of plasma cleaning efficacy are underway. Results will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV011  
About • Received ※ 04 July 2021 — Revised ※ 08 November 2021 — Accepted ※ 24 December 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 March 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEPTEV013 New Frequency-Tuning System and Digital LLRF for Stable and Reliable Operation of SRILAC cavity, cryomodule, controls, linac 666
 
  • K. Suda, O. Kamigaito, K. Ozeki, N. Sakamoto, K. Yamada
    RIKEN Nishina Center, Wako, Japan
  • H. Hara, A. Miyamoto, K. Sennyu, T. Yanagisawa
    MHI-MS, Kobe, Japan
  • E. Kako, H. Nakai, H. Sakai, K. Umemori
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  The superconducting booster linac at RIKEN (SRILAC) has ten 73-MHz quarter-wavelength resonators (QWRs) that are contained in three cryomodules. The beam commissioning of SRILAC was successfully performed in January 2020. Frequency tuning during cold operation is performed by compressing the beam port of the cavity with stainless wires and decreasing the length of each beam gap, similar to the method adopted at ANL and FRIB. However, each tuner is driven by a motor connected to gears, instead of using gas pressure. Since the intervals of the QWRs are small due to the beam dynamics, a compact design for the tuner was adopted. Each cavity was tuned to the design frequency, which required frequency changes of 3 kHz to 7 kHz depending on the cavity. Although no piezoelectric actuator is mounted on the tuning system, phase noise caused by microphonics can be sufficiently reduced by a phase-locked loop using a newly developed digital LLRF. The details of the tuning system as well as the digital LLRF will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV013  
About • Received ※ 13 August 2021 — Revised ※ 13 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 11 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 22 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
WEOCAV03 RF Dipole Crab Cavity Testing for HL-LHC cavity, HOM, dipole, controls 687
 
  • N. Valverde Alonso, R. Calaga, S.J. Calvo, O. Capatina, O. Capatina, A. Castilla, M. Chiodini, C. Duval, L.M.A. Ferreira, M. Gourragne, P.J. Kohler, T. Mikkola, J.A. Mitchell, E. Montesinos, C. Pasquino, G. Pechaud, N. Stapley, M. Therasse, K. Turaj, J.D. Walker
    CERN, Geneva 23, Switzerland
  • A. Castilla
    Cockcroft Institute, Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
  • A. Castilla
    Lancaster University, Lancaster, United Kingdom
 
  RF Crab Cavities are an essential element of the High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC) upgrade at CERN. Two RF dipole crab cavity used for the compensation of the horizontal crossing angle were recently manufactured and integrated into Titanium Helium tank and RF ancillaries necessary for the beam operation. The two cavities will be integrated into a cryomodule in collaboration with UK-STFC and tested with proton beams in the SPS in 2023. This paper will highlight the RF measurements during the important manufacturing steps, surface preparation and cavity performance at 2K.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEOCAV03  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Revised ※ 07 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 16 September 2021 — Issue date ※ 22 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THOTEV02 Stable Beam Operation in cERL for Medical and Industrial Application at KEK FEL, cavity, linac, SRF 714
 
  • H. Sakai, M. Adachi, D.A. Arakawa, S. Eguchi, M.K. Fukuda, K. Haga, M. Hagiwara, K. Hara, K. Harada, N. Higashi, T. Honda, Y. Honda, T. Honma, M. Hosumi, E. Kako, Y. Kamiya, R. Kato, H. Kawata, Y. Kobayashi, Y. Kojima, T. Konomi, H. Matsumura, S. Michizono, C. Mitsuda, T. Miura, T. Miura, T. Miyajima, Y. Morikawa, S. Nagahashi, H. Nakai, N. Nakamura, K. Nakanishi, K.N. Nigorikawa, T. Nogami, T. Obina, F. Qiu, H. Sagehashi, M. Shimada, H. Shimizu, T. Shioya, M. Tadano, T. Takahashi, R. Takai, H. Takaki, O.A. Tanaka, Y. Tanimoto, A. Toyoda, K. Tsuchiya, T. Uchiyama, A. Ueda, K. Umemori, M. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
  • R. Hajima, K. Kawase
    QST, Tokai, Japan
  • N.P. Norvell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • F. Sakamoto
    Akita National College of Technology, Akita, Japan
  • M. Shimada
    HSRC, Higashi-Hiroshima, Japan
 
  Funding: Supported by Accelerator Inc. and a New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization (NEDO) project and JSPS Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (KAKENHI) Grant Number JP18H03473.
A superconducting Compact Energy Recovery Linac (cERL) for electrons was constructed in 2013 at KEK to demonstrate energy recovery concept with low emittance, high-current CW beams of more than 10 mA for future multi-GeV ERL. Recently this cERL was operated not only to demonstrate energy recovery linac high current beam operation but also to promote and conduct a variety of industrial applications such as FEL, THz operation and Rare Isotope Production and irradiation for some materials. In this talk, I will present the status of the studies to realize the stable high-current low emittance CW beam and some applications with this beam.
 
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DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THOTEV02  
About • Received ※ 19 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 March 2022 — Accepted ※ 13 May 2022 — Issue date ※ 15 May 2022
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THPFAV005 LCSL-II Cryomodule Testing at Fermilab cryomodule, cavity, LLRF, EPICS 741
 
  • E.R. Harms, B.E. Chase, E. Cullerton, B.D. Hartsell, J. Hurd, M.J. Kucera, F.L. Lewis, A. Lunin, J.N. Makara, D.L. Newhart, D.J. Nicklaus, P.S. Prieto, J. Reid, R.P. Stanek, R. Wang
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • A.L. Benwell
    SLAC, Menlo Park, California, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • C.M. Ginsburg
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: This manuscript has been authored by Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics.
Cold powered testing of all LCLS-II production cryomodules at Fermilab is complete as of February 2021. A total of twenty-five tests on both 1.3 GHz and 3.9 GHz cryomodules were conducted over a nearly five year time span beginning in the summer of 2016. During the course of this campaign cutting-edge results for cavity Q0 and gradient in continuous wave operation were achieved. A summary of all test results will be presented, with a comparison to established acceptance criteria, as well as overall test stand statistics and lessons learned.
 
poster icon Poster THPFAV005 [1.379 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFAV005  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 24 November 2021 — Accepted ※ 05 January 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 March 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPFAV006 Degradation and Recovery of the LHC RF Cryomodule Performance Using the Helium Processing Technique cavity, cryomodule, vacuum, radiation 746
 
  • K. Turaj, O. Brunner, A.C. Butterworth, F. Gerigk, P. Maesen, E. Montesinos, F. Peauger, M. Therasse, W. Venturini Delsolaro
    CERN, Meyrin, Switzerland
 
  The LHC RF cryomodule "Asia" suffered an accidental influx of about 0.5 l of tunnel air during the leak checks of the pumping manifolds. The resulting risk of particle contamination was difficult to assess, and could not be excluded with certainty. If one or more cavities were contaminated, a severe impact on beam operations in the LHC machine was to be expected. In order to minimize the risks, the Asia cryomodule has been replaced with a spare unit. Subsequently, the cryomodule was tested in the SM18 test facility without intermediate venting, and showed high levels of radiation due to field emission above 1.8 MV in one of the cavities. The other cavities were less strongly affected, but clear signs of contamination were observed. The helium processing technique was used to improve the performance of the SRF cavity with respect to field emission. This paper will discuss the results of the above-mentioned test.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFAV006  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 14 January 2022 — Accepted ※ 27 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 May 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPFDV001 Status of the New Quadrupole Resonator for SRF R&D quadrupole, SRF, cavity, simulation 751
 
  • R. Monroy-Villa, W. Hillert, M. Wenskat
    University of Hamburg, Institut für Experimentalphysik, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. Gorgi Zadeh, P. Putek
    Rostock University, Faculty of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering, Rostock, Germany
  • M. Lemke, R. Monroy-Villa, D. Reschke, M. Röhling, J.H. Thie
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  A basic understanding of the properties of SRF samples under surface treatments would aid in the development of consistent theories. To study the RF properties of such samples under realistic superconducting-cavity-like conditions, a test device called Quadrupole Resonator (QPR) was fabricated. In this publication we report the status of the QPR at Universität Hamburg in collaboration with DESY. Our device is based on the QPRs operated at CERN and at HZB, and its design will allow for testing samples at temperatures between 2 K and 8 K, under magnetic fields up to 120 mT and with operating frequencies of 433 MHz, 866 MHz and 1300 MHz. Fabrication tolerance studies on the electromagnetic field distributions and simulations of the static detuning of the device, together with the commissioning report and the ongoing surface treatment, will be presented.  
poster icon Poster THPFDV001 [1.069 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFDV001  
About • Received ※ 27 June 2021 — Revised ※ 23 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 23 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 29 April 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPFDV008 Research on Ceramic for RF Window electron, multipactoring, cavity, Windows 771
 
  • Y. Yamamoto, K. Nakamura, H. Yoshizumi
    Kyocera Corporation, Corporate Fine Ceramics Group, Kyoto, Japan
  • S. Michizono, Y. Yamamoto
    KEK, Ibaraki, Japan
 
  Kyocera and KEK had started joint research on developing materials that satisfy the required characteristics as RF window materials. In previous studies, AO479B was developed, and it has been applied to some products. However, AO479B has size limitation in applying to products. Recently, large RF windows is demanded. Therefore, we have developed a new material AO479U which is designed to be applied to products regardless of the product size. In this report, the characteristics of AO479U was evaluated by comparing it with other materials, including the presence or absence of TiN coating. In order to clarify how the differences of materials or manufacturing processes contributes to heat generation and multipactor discharge occurring in RF windows, we measured important characteristics as RF window materials (relative permittivity, dielectric loss tangent, surface resistance, volume resistivity, secondary electron emission coefficient, and TiN thickness), and investigated the relationships of them and materials or manufacturing processes.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPFDV008  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Revised ※ 06 December 2021 — Accepted ※ 28 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 May 2022
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THPCAV008 Results From the Proton Power Upgrade Project Cavity Quality Assurance Plan cavity, cryomodule, linac, hardware 801
 
  • J.D. Mammosser, E. Robertson
    ORNL RAD, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  • R. Afanador, M.S. Champion, M.N. Greenwood, M.P. Howell, S.-H. Kim, S.E. Stewart, D.J. Vandygriff
    ORNL, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, USA
  • A. Bitter, K.B. Bolz, A. Navitski, L. Zweibaeumer
    RI Research Instruments GmbH, Bergisch Gladbach, Germany
  • E. Daly, G.K. Davis, P. Dhakal, D. Forehand, K. Macha, C.E. Reece, K.M. Wilson
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: UT-Battelle, LLC, under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725 with the US Department of Energy (DOE)
The Proton Power Upgrade (PPU) Project at Oak Ridge National Lab’s Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) is currently under construction. The project will double the beam power from 1.4 to 2.8 MW. This is accomplished by increasing the beam current and adding seven new Superconducting Radio Frequency (SRF) cryomodules. Each new cryomodule will contain four six-cell, beta 0.81, PPU style cavities. A quality assurance plan was developed and implemented for the procurement of 32 PPU cavities. As part of this plan, reference cavities were qualified and sent to Research Instruments Co. for the development and verification of process steps. Here we present the results from this plan to date.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPCAV008  
About • Received ※ 04 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 06 September 2021 — Issue date; ※ 16 May 2022  
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THPCAV011 Operational Experience with the Mechanical Tuner Systems in the Superconducting Linac at IUAC controls, cavity, linac, resonance 809
 
  • A. Pandey, R. Ahuja, G.K. Chaudhari, B.B. Chaudhary, R.N. Dutt, S. Ghosh, B. Karmakar, J. Karmakar, R. Kumar, D.S. Mathuria, P. Patra, P.N. Potukuchi, A. Rai, B.K. Sahu, S.K. Saini, A. Sharma, S.K. Sonti, S.K. Suman
    IUAC, New Delhi, India
 
  The phase locking of the QWRs by dynamic phase control method in the superconducting linac at IUAC is done in a faster time scale. The slow frequency drifts (few hundreds of ms) are corrected using a niobium bellows tuner attached at the open end of the cavity. Initially, the tuners in the cavities were operated using helium gas. This system had the limitation of non-linearity, hysteresis and slow response due to which the cavities could not be phase locked at higher fields. To address this, piezo based tuning system was implemented in the cavities of the 2nd and 3rd linac modules. But due to space constraints, the same could not be used in the 1st linac module and the buncher modules. For them, the helium gas based system was continued, albeit with suitable modifications. The old flow control valves which operated with DC voltages were replaced with valves operating in pulsed mode and controlled by varying the duty cycle of the input pulses. The above mentioned limitations were overcome by using this PWM based technique and this enabled phase locking at higher gradients. This paper presents our operational experience with all the different tuning systems and their comparison.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPCAV011  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 11 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 27 October 2021
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THPCAV012 ESS Medium Beta Cavities at INFN LASA cavity, linac, SRF, multipactoring 815
 
  • D. Sertore, M. Bertucci, M. Bonezzi, A. Bosotti, D. Cardelli, A. D’Ambros, A.T. Grimaldi, L. Monaco, R. Paparella, G.M. Zaggia
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • C. Pagani
    Università degli Studi di Milano & INFN, Segrate, Italy
 
  INFN Milano - LASA contributes in-kind to the ESS ERIC Superconducting Linac supplying 36 cavities for the Medium Beta section of the proton accelerator. All the cavities have been mechanical fabricated, BCP treated and, for most of them, also qualified with vertical test at cold at DESY. We present the result of the cavities already qualified and delivered to CEA, discussing the lessons learnt so far. For remaining cavities, we discuss the actions taken and the plans foreseen to recover them to full specifications.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPCAV012  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 01 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 10 October 2021 — Issue date ※ 23 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPCAV014 Development of High-Q Treatments for PIP-II Prototype Cavities at LASA-INFN cavity, target, SRF, niobium 820
 
  • M. Bertucci, A. Bosotti, A. D’Ambros, A.T. Grimaldi, P. Michelato, L. Monaco, C. Pagani, R. Paparella, D. Sertore
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • A. Gresele, A. Torri
    Ettore Zanon S.p.A., Nuclear Division, Schio, Italy
  • C. Pagani
    Università degli Studi di Milano & INFN, Segrate, Italy
  • M. Rizzi
    Ettore Zanon S.p.A., Schio, Italy
 
  INFN-LASA is currently involved in the production of PIP-II low-beta cavity prototypes. The main challenge of this activity is to develop a state-of-the art surface treatment recipe on such cavity geometry, to achieve the high-Q target required for cavity operation in the linac. This paper reports the status of cavity treatments development and the first cold test results of a single-cell cavity. This cavity has undergone a baseline treatment based on Electropolishing as bulk removal step. Being this test successful, a strategy for pushing the cavities towards higher performances is here proposed.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPCAV014  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 01 March 2022 — Issue date; ※ 01 May 2022  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPTEV011 Experimental Validation of the Use of Cold Cathode Gauge inside the Cryomodule Insulation Vacuum vacuum, cryomodule, experiment, linac 848
 
  • H. Jenhani, P. Carbonnier
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
 
  The Proton Improvement Plan - II (PIP-II) project is underway at Fermilab with an international collaboration involving CEA in the development and testing of 650 MHz cryomodules. The risk analysis related to cryomodule operation proposed to add a vacuum gauge on the power coupler to prevent the untimely rupture of its ceramic. Due to the advanced design of the cryomodules, the gauge needs to be integrated inside the insulation vacuum to reduce the impact of this new modification. The lack of experience feedback on a similar operating condition requires an experimental validation before the implementation. This article details the experimental tests carried out before the approval of this solution.  
poster icon Poster THPTEV011 [0.659 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPTEV011  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 16 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 23 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 15 January 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPTEV013 LCLS-II Cryomodule Production at JLab: Summary and Lessons cavity, cryomodule, FEL, SRF 858
 
  • N.A. Huque, E. Daly, J.P. Preble, K.M. Wilson
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Cryomodules for the Linear Coherent Light Source II (LCLS-II) at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory were jointly fabricated at Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) and Fermi National Accelerator Facility (FNAL). Procurements, cavity testing, cryomodule assembly, and cryomodule testing were carried out at the two labs. Twenty-one 1.3 GHz cryomodules were fabricated at JLab. The LCLS-II cryomodules are based on the design used in the European X-Ray Free Electron Laser (XFEL) but modified for continuous wave operation. The higher performance requirements lead to challenges in cavity processing, microphonics, magnetic hygiene and cryomodule transportation. This paper outlines the cryomodule production experience at JLab, as well as improvements to procedures and infrastructure to overcome the performance challenges of the LCLS-II design.  
poster icon Poster THPTEV013 [2.441 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPTEV013  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 02 December 2021 — Accepted ※ 24 January 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 May 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
 
THPTEV014 Managing Procurements in the Time of Covid-19: SNS-PPU as a Case Study status, site, HOM, cryomodule 863
 
  • K.M. Wilson, G. Cheng, E. Daly, N.A. Huque, T. Huratiak, M. Laney, K. Macha, D.J. Maddox, M. Marchlik, P.D. Owen, T. Peshehonoff, M. Torres, M. Wiseman
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: Supported by the Dept of Energy, Office of Nuclear Physics under contract DE-AC05-06OR23177 (JSA); and by UT-B which manages Oak Ridge National Laboratory under contract DE-AC05-00OR22725.
In early 2020, COVID-19 swept across the world. The accelerator industry, like many others, was impacted by disease, delays, shortages, and new working conditions. All Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) employees were sent home in mid-March 2020, with many still working remotely now. At the time, JLab was working on the Proton Power Upgrade (PPU) to the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Procurements had been placed and were being managed, parts were being received and inspected. This paper details the JLab procurement plan for the SNS PPU project, and the mitigations that were developed to continue to support this project smoothly under the limitations imposed by COVID-19.
 
poster icon Poster THPTEV014 [1.076 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPTEV014  
About • Received ※ 15 June 2021 — Revised ※ 30 November 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 January 2022 — Issue date ※ 01 May 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)