Keyword: resonance
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SUPTEV015 Mitigation of Dielectric Heating of Piezoelectric Actuators at Cryogenic Temperatures cavity, operation, SRF, linac 159
 
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
  • Y.M. Pischalnikov, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  The new generation of low beam intensity superconducting linacs will require high accelerating gradients for new scientific discoveries. The high accelerating gradient cavities in pulsed SRF linacs will experience large (~1000’s of Hz) detuning caused by Lorentz force detuning (LFD). The piezo actuators that will be used to compensate large LFD must operate at a nominal voltage of 120V to 150V to deliver the required stroke to the cavity. In this high voltage range, the piezo is expected to warm up drastically due to its location in an insulating vacuum environment. Overheating of the piezo will significantly decrease the longevity of the actuator. A collaboration between FNAL and Physik Instrumente (PI) developed a novel piezo actuator design that mitigates piezo overheating. The design consists of using a metal foam in contact with the piezoelectric ceramic stack for heat removal. The second solution used lithium niobite as an alternative material. A comparison of the temperature stability will be presented and discussed. This study characterizes the dielectric properties for both materials. The results obtained are in the temperature range of 10 K to 300 K.  
poster icon Poster SUPTEV015 [0.728 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPTEV015  
About • Received ※ 22 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 October 2021 — Issue date ※ 09 April 2022
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MOPTEV009 A Method for In-Situ Q0 Measurements of High-Quality SRF Resonators beat-wave, cavity, SRF, experiment 221
 
  • S.V. Kuzikov, P.V. Avrakhov, C.-J. Jing, R.A. Kostin, Y. Zhao
    Euclid TechLabs, Solon, Ohio, USA
  • C.-J. Jing, C.-J. Jing
    ANL, Lemont, Illinois, USA
  • C.-J. Jing, R.A. Kostin
    Euclid Beamlabs, Bolingbrook, USA
  • R.A. Kostin, V.P. Yakovlev
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • T. Powers, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
 
  Funding: The work was supported in the part by DoE SBIR grant #DE-SC0019687.
Accelerator projects such as LCLS-II naturally require low-loss superconducting (SRF) cavities. Due to strong demand for improving intrinsic quality factor (Q0), importance of accurate cavity characterization increases. We propose a method to measure Q0 in situ for an SRF resonator installed in its cryogenic module and connected with a RF feed source via a fixed RF coupler. The method exploits measurements of a response for an SRF resonator fed by an amplitude-modulated signal. Such a signal can be synthesized as a beat-wave composed of two frequencies that are close to the resonant frequency. Analyzing the envelope of the reflected signal, one can find the difference in reflection for the chosen frequencies and use them to compute the intrinsic Q. We also develop the methodology to carry out measurements of Q0 at the nominal cavity operating voltage. We verified our method in experiments with a room temperature copper resonator and with two SRF resonators including Fermilab’s 650 MHz cavity and JLab’s 1500 MHz cavity.
 
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV009  
About • Received ※ 15 June 2021 — Revised ※ 26 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 February 2022 — Issue date ※ 06 April 2022
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MOPTEV015 Spoke Tuner for the Minerva Project cavity, operation, linac, controls 241
 
  • N. Gandolfo, S. Blivet, P. Duchesne, D. Le Dréan
    Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, Orsay, France
 
  In the framework of the MINERVA construction (MYRRHA Isotopes productioN coupling the linEar acceleRator to the Versatile proton target fAcility), a fully equipped prototype cryomodule is being developed. In order to control the resonance frequency of the cavities during operation, a deformation tuner has been studied. The kinematic model is based on a double lever system coupled with a screw nut linear actuator. The motion is generated by a stepper motor and two piezoelectric actuators working at low temperatures within the thermal insulation vacuum of the cryomodule. Key parameter of this work is the high tuning speed which is required to fulfill the fault tolerance strategy. This paper reports the design study and first tests of the built tuners at room temperature and in vertical cryostat configuration.  
poster icon Poster MOPTEV015 [3.179 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV015  
About • Received ※ 28 June 2021 — Revised ※ 15 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 01 April 2022
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TUPFDV006 Dynamics of One-Side Multipactor on Dielectrics electron, simulation, multipactoring, space-charge 411
 
  • G.V. Romanov
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
 
  Breakdown of dielectric RF windows is an important issue for particle accelerators and high-power RF sources. One of the generally considered reasons for the RF windows failure is the multipactor effect on dielectric surface. The multipactor may be responsible for excessive heating of dielectric and discharge of charges that accumulated in ceramic due to secondary emission. In this study the comprehensive self-consistent PIC simulations with space charge effect were performed in order to better understand the dynamic of one-side multipactor development and floating potential on dielectric induced by the emission. The important correlations between the multipactor parameters at saturation and the secondary emission properties of dielectric and the applied RF field parameters were found and are reported in the paper.  
poster icon Poster TUPFDV006 [0.844 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPFDV006  
About • Received ※ 17 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 06 October 2021
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TUPCAV013 STC Qualification Tests of PIP-II HB650 Cavities cavity, vacuum, cryomodule, SRF 465
 
  • A.I. Sukhanov, S.K. Chandrasekaran, G.V. Eremeev, F. Furuta, S. Kazakov, T.N. Khabiboulline, T.H. Nicol, Y.M. Pischalnikov, O.V. Prokofiev, V. Roger, G. Wu, V.P. Yakovlev, J.C. Yun
    Fermilab, Batavia, Illinois, USA
  • C. Contreras-Martinez
    FRIB, East Lansing, Michigan, USA
 
  Design of the high beta 650 MHz prototype cryomodule for PIP-II is currently undergoing at Fermilab. The cryomodule includes six 5-cell elliptical SRF cavities with accelerating voltage up to 20 MV and low heat dissipation (Q0 > 3.3 · 10zEhNZeHn). Characterization of performance of fully integrated jacketed cavities with high power coupler and tuner is crucial for the project. Such a characterization of jacketed cavity requires a horizontal test cryostat. The Fermilab Spoke Test Cryostat (STC) has been upgraded to accommodate testing of 650 MHz cavities. Commissioning of upgraded STC has been reported at SRF’19 conference. In this paper we present results of testing of the prototype HB650 cavity in upgraded STC facility. We characterize cavity performance and qualify it for the prototype HB650 cryomodule assembly.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-TUPCAV013  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date; ※ 04 October 2021  
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WEPCAV013 Occurring Dependency between Adjustable Coupling and Q0 - Finding and Solving a Problem during Vertical Cavity Testing at DESY cavity, coupling, SRF, vacuum 619
 
  • Y.F. Liu, C. Luo
    SARI-CAS, Pudong, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
  • D. Reschke, L. Steder, M. Wiencek
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
 
  In the AMTF (Accelerator Module Test Facility) hall at DESY, various types of cavities have been tested for different accelerators and R&D projects during the last years. For R&D purposes, dedicated inserts with additional auxiliaries like a movable INPUT antenna can be used to perform accurate measurements at different temperatures between 1.4 K and 4 K. Since 2017 more than hundred vertical tests were conducted in these inserts without troubles besides rare expected occurrences of cold leaks or even rarer a loose antenna. However, in the last months, an unexpected dependency between the measured quality factor and the coupling coefficient ß has been observed. In order to understand the source of this measurement uncertainty, several different special checks have been performed. In a logical sequence of measurements with different cryostats, inserts and cavities the problem has been encircled and in the end was identified and solved. In this paper, the observed problem is described in detail as well as the entire path leading to its solution.  
poster icon Poster WEPCAV013 [1.073 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPCAV013  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Revised ※ 18 October 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 October 2021 — Issue date ※ 22 November 2021
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THPCAV011 Operational Experience with the Mechanical Tuner Systems in the Superconducting Linac at IUAC controls, cavity, linac, operation 809
 
  • A. Pandey, R. Ahuja, G.K. Chaudhari, B.B. Chaudhary, R.N. Dutt, S. Ghosh, B. Karmakar, J. Karmakar, R. Kumar, D.S. Mathuria, P. Patra, P.N. Potukuchi, A. Rai, B.K. Sahu, S.K. Saini, A. Sharma, S.K. Sonti, S.K. Suman
    IUAC, New Delhi, India
 
  The phase locking of the QWRs by dynamic phase control method in the superconducting linac at IUAC is done in a faster time scale. The slow frequency drifts (few hundreds of ms) are corrected using a niobium bellows tuner attached at the open end of the cavity. Initially, the tuners in the cavities were operated using helium gas. This system had the limitation of non-linearity, hysteresis and slow response due to which the cavities could not be phase locked at higher fields. To address this, piezo based tuning system was implemented in the cavities of the 2nd and 3rd linac modules. But due to space constraints, the same could not be used in the 1st linac module and the buncher modules. For them, the helium gas based system was continued, albeit with suitable modifications. The old flow control valves which operated with DC voltages were replaced with valves operating in pulsed mode and controlled by varying the duty cycle of the input pulses. The above mentioned limitations were overcome by using this PWM based technique and this enabled phase locking at higher gradients. This paper presents our operational experience with all the different tuning systems and their comparison.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPCAV011  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 11 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 27 October 2021
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THPTEV008 Development of a Digital LLRF System for SRF Cavities in RAON Accelerator cavity, controls, LLRF, SRF 845
 
  • H. Jang, D.H. Gil, Y. Jung, H. Kim, Y. Kim, M. Lee
    IBS, Daejeon, Republic of Korea
 
  An ion accelerator, RAON is planned and under construction in Daejeon, Korea by Rare Isotope Science Project (RISP) team in Institute of Basic Science (IBS). The purpose of this accelerator is the generation of rare isotope by ISOL (Isotope Separation On-Line) and IF (In-flight Fragmentation) method. To achieve this goal RAON adopted the superconducting cavities at three different frequency (81.25 MHz, 162.5 MHz and 325 MHz) and their RF field will be controlled independently for the acceleration of ions with various A/q. A solid state power amplifier and a low level RF (LLRF) controller pairs are under development to generate and to control the RF for the cavities. Recently the development and evaluation of the digital-based LLRF have been performed. For the operation and test of SRF cavities, self-excited loop (SEL) and generator-driven-resonator (GDR) algorithm is digitally implemented and its test was performed. In this paper the status and test result of RAON LLRF controller will be described.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ https://doi.org/10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THPTEV008  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 30 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 26 September 2021 — Issue date ※ 23 November 2021
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