Author: Knobloch, J.
Paper Title Page
SUPCAV013 Multipacting Analysis of the Quadripolar Resonator (QPR) at HZB 42
  • S. Bira, D. Longuevergne
    Université Paris-Saclay, CNRS/IN2P3, IJCLab, Orsay, France
  • Y. Kalboussi
    CEA-IRFU, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • Th. Proslier
    CEA-DRF-IRFU, France
  Multipacting (MP) is a resonating electron discharge, often plaguing radio-frequency (RF) structures, produced by the synchronization of emitted electrons with the RF fields and the electron multiplication at the impact point with the surface structure. The electron multiplication can take place only if the secondary emission yield (SEY, i.e. the number of electrons emitted due to the impact of one incoming electron), , is higher than 1. The SEY value depends strongly on the material and the surface contamination. Multipacting simulations are crucial in high-frenquency (HF) vacuum structures to localize and potentially improve the geometry. In this work, multipacting simulations were carried out on the geometry of the Quadrupole Resonator (QPR) in operation at HZB using the Spark 3D module in Microwave Studio suite (CST). These simulations helped to understand a particular behavior observed during the QPR tests, and furthermore made it possible to suggest enhancement ways in order to limit this phenomenon and facilitate its operation.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPCAV013  
About • Received ※ 09 July 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 09 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 07 May 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
SUPFDV006 Investigation of SIS Multilayer Films at HZB 72
  • D.B. Tikhonov, S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • E. Chyhyrynets, C. Pira
    INFN/LNL, Legnaro (PD), Italy
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • S.B. Leith, M. Vogel
    University Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  Funding: The manufacture of the QPR samples received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation programme under Grant Agreement No 730871
The systematic study of multilayer SIS films (Superconductor-Insulator-Superconductor) is being conducted in Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin. Such films theoretically should boost the performance of superconducting cavities, and reduce some problems related to bulk Nb such as magnetic flux trapping. Up to now such films have been presented in theory, but the RF performance of those structures have not been widely studied. In this contribution we present the results of the latest tests of AlN-NbN films, deposited on micrometers-thick Nb layers on copper. It has, also, been shown previously at HZB that such SIS films may show some unexpected behavior in surface resistance versus temperature parameter space. In this contribution we continue to investigate those effects with the variation of different parameters of films (such as insulator thickness) and production recipes.
poster icon Poster SUPFDV006 [2.234 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV006  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 12 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 21 December 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
SUPFDV012 The Development of HiPIMS Multilayer SIS Film Coatings on Copper for SRF Applications 86
  • S.B. Leith, X. Jiang, A.Ö. Sezgin, M. Vogel
    University Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • B. Butz, Y. Li, J. Müller
    MNaF, Siegen, Germany
  • S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler, D.B. Tikhonov
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • R. Ries, E. Seiler
    Slovak Academy of Sciences, Institute of Electrical Engineering, Bratislava, Slovak Republic
  Funding: Authors acknowledge both the EASITrain, Marie Sklodowska-Curie Action (MSCA) Innovative Training Network (ITN), Grant Agreement no. 764879 and the ARIES collaboration, Grant Agreement no. 730871
In recent years, the use of alternatives to bulk Nb in the fabrication of SRF cavities, including novel materials and/or fabrication techniques, have been extensively explored by the SRF community. One of these new methodologies is the use of a superconductor-insulator-superconductor (SIS) multilayer structure. Typically, these have been envisaged for use with bulk Nb cavities. However, it is conceivable to combine the benefits of SIS structures with the benefits of coated Cu cavities. It is also clear that the use of energetic deposition techniques such as high power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS), provide significant benefits over typical DC magnetron sputtering (MS) coatings, in terms of SRF performance. In light of this, two series of multilayer SIS film coatings, with a Nb-AlN-NbN structure, were deposited onto electropolished OFHC Cu samples, with the use of HiPIMS, in order to determine the efficacy of this approach. This contribution details the development of these coatings and the required optimization of the coating parameters of the separate material systems, through the use of multiple material and superconducting characterization techniques.
poster icon Poster SUPFDV012 [2.061 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-SUPFDV012  
About • Received ※ 20 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 December 2021 — Issue date ※ 27 April 2022  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPTEV006 Synchrotron XPS Study of Niobium Treated with Nitrogen Infusion 211
  • A.L. Prudnikava, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler, Y. Tamashevich
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • V. Aristov, O. Molodtsova
    DESY, Hamburg, Germany
  • S. Babenkov
    LIDYL, Gif sur Yvette, France
  • A. Makarova
    FUB, Berlin, Germany
  • D. Smirnov
    Technische Universität Dresden, Dresden, Germany
  Processing of niobium cavities with the so-called ni-trogen infusion treatment demonstrates the improve-ment of efficiency and no degradation of maximal accelerating gradients. However, the chemical compo-sition of the niobium surface and especially the role of nitrogen gas in this treatment has been the topic of many debates. While our study of the infused niobium using synchrotron X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) showed modification of the surface sub-oxides surprisingly there was no evidence of nitrogen con-centration build up during the 120°C baking step, irre-spectively of N2 supply. Noteworthy, that the niobium contamination with carbon and nitrogen took place during a prolonged high-temperature anneal even in a high vacuum condition (10-8-10-9 mbar). Evidently, the amount of such contamination appears to play a key role in the final cavity performance  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV006  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 13 July 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 05 September 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPTEV007 RF Conditioning of 120 kW CW 1.3 GHz High Power Couplers for the bERLinPro Energy Recovery Linac 216
  • A. Neumann, W. Anders, A. Frahm, F. Göbel, A. Heugel, S. Klauke, J. Knobloch, M. Schuster, Y. Tamashevich
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  Funding: The work is funded by the Helmholtz-Association, BMBF, the state of Berlin and HZB.
This year, the commissioning of the 50 MeV, 100 mA bERLinPro Energy Recovery Linac test facility [1] will resume. For the Booster cryo-module of the injector line, operated with three modified 1.3 GHz Cornell style 2-cell SRF cavities, a new type of power coupler was developed, based on KEK’s C-ERL injector coupler. Modifications were made for a stronger coupling and lower emittance diluting coupler tip variant, a so-called "Golf Tee" shape and the cooling concept was redesigned based on KEK’s first experiences. For the final stage, the injector needs to deliver a low emittance beam of 100 mA average beam current at 6.5 MeV. That results in a traveling and continuous wave forward power requirement of up to 120 kW each of the twin setup feeding one Booster cavity. In this contribution we will give a short overview of the RF design and its impact on the beam’s emittance, give an overview of the conditioning teststand and the results achieved with the first pairs of couplers.
[1] M. Abo-Bakr et al., in Proc. 9th Int. Particle Accelerator Conf. (IPAC’18), Vancouver, BC, Canada, Apr. 4,, pp. 4127-4130, doi:10.18429/JACoW-IPAC2018-THPMF034
poster icon Poster MOPTEV007 [2.466 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV007  
About • Received ※ 19 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 19 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 17 January 2022  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPTEV013 The VSR Demo Module Design – A Spaceframe-Based Module for Cavities with Warm Waveguide HOM Absorbers 233
  • F. Glöckner, D. Böhlick, M. Bürger, V. Dürr, A. Frahm, J. Knobloch, F. Pflocksch, A. Veléz, D. Wolk, N. Wunderer
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  The VSR (Variable pulse length Storage Ring) demo module is a prototype for the superconducting upgrade of HZB’s Bessy II. The module houses two 1.5 GHz superconducting cavities operated at 1.8 K in continuous wave (CW) mode. Each cavity has five water cooled Waveguide HOM Absorbers with high thermal load (450 W), which requires them to be water cooled. This setup introduces several design challenges, concerning space restriction, the interconnection of warm and cold parts and the alignment. In order to provide support and steady alignment an innovative space frame was designed. The transition from cold to warm over the partially superconducting waveguides made a more complex design for shielding and cooling system necessary. With the design close to completion, we are now entering the purchase phase.  
poster icon Poster MOPTEV013 [3.239 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPTEV013  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 02 September 2021 — Accepted ※ 18 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 02 December 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
MOPFDV003 Measuring Flux Trapping Using Flat Samples 326
  • F. Kramer, S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, O. Kugeler
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  With modern superconducting cavities flux trapping is a limiting factor for the achievable quality factor. Flux trapping is influenced by various parameters such as geometry, material, and cooldown dynamics. At SRF2019 we presented data showing the magnetic field surrounding a cavity. We now present supplemental simulations for this data focusing on geometric effects. As these simulations are inconclusive, we have designed a new setup to measure trapped flux in superconducting samples which is presented as well. The advantages compared to a cavity test are the simpler sample geometry, and quicker sample production, as well as shorter measurement times. With this setup we hope to identify fundamental mechanisms of flux trapping, including geometry effects, different materials, and different treatments. First results are presented along with the setup itself.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-MOPFDV003  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Accepted ※ 03 April 2022 — Issue date ※ 02 May 2022  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPTEV003 A Superconducting Magnetic Shield for SRF Modules with Strong Magnetic Field Sources 637
  • J. Völker, A. Frahm, S. Keckert, J. Knobloch, A.N. Matveenko, A. Neumann, H. Plötz, Y. Tamashevich
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  Frequently SRF modules require strong focusing magnets close to SRF cavities. The shielding of those magnetic fields to avoid flux trapping, for example during a quench, is a challenge. At HZB, the bERLinPro photo-injector module includes a 1.4 cell SRF cavity placed in close proximity to a superconducting (SC) focusing solenoid. At full solenoid operation, parts of the double mu-metal shield are expected to saturate. To prevent saturation, we developed a new superconducting Meissner-Shield. Several tests of different designs were performed both in the injector module and in the HoBiCaT test facility. The measured results of the final design show a significant shielding that are in good agreement with calculations. Based on these results, a reduction of the magnetic flux density in the mu-metal shields of almost one order of magnitude is expected The design has now been incorporated in the injector module. In this paper we will present the design, the setup and results of the final testing of the superconducting shield.  
poster icon Poster WEPTEV003 [1.859 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV003  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 16 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 15 March 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPTEV008 VSR Demo Cold String: Recent Developments and Manufacturing Status 647
  • N. Wunderer, V. Dürr, A. Frahm, H.-W. Glock, F. Glöckner, J. Knobloch, E. Sharples-Milne, A.V. Tsakanian, A. Veléz
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • M. Bonezzi, A. D’Ambros, R. Paparella
    INFN/LASA, Segrate (MI), Italy
  • J. Guo, J. Henry, R.A. Rimmer
    JLab, Newport News, Virginia, USA
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • A. Veléz
    Technical University Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
  The BESSY VSR project aims to demonstrate the possibility to simultaneously run both long (15ps) and short bunches (1.7ps) within BESSY II storage ring. To achieve this, a new SRF cavity system with higher harmonic cavities (3 and 3.5 harm.) needs to be installed. The combined cavity SRF beating allows for stable bunch shortening for half of the buckets while standard lengths remaining for the other half. These SRF cavities will be equipped with waveguide-connected HOM absorbers and will be controlled with a blade tuner plus piezos. To demonstrate the feasibility of this complex system the VSR DEMO cold string consists of two 1.5 GHz cavities, each featuring five waveguides and a higher power coupler, plus all interconnecting elements coupled to the beam vacuum. For most of these components the fundamental development work is completed and has been reported in the past. This paper summarizes recent enhancements, component detailing and manufacturing status. The key cold string components such as cavities, higher power couplers and blade tuners have already entered the manufacturing phase. All other cold string components will be ready for purchase at the latest beginning of 2022.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV008  
About • Received ※ 18 June 2021 — Revised ※ 09 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 22 November 2021 — Issue date ※ 05 January 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
WEPTEV009 The 1.5 GHz Coupler for VSR DEMO: Final Design Studies, Fabrication Status and Initial Testing Plans 652
  • E. Sharples-Milne, V. Dürr, J. Knobloch, S. Schendler, A. Veléz, N. Wunderer
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  • J. Knobloch
    University of Siegen, Siegen, Germany
  • A. Veléz
    Technical University Dortmund, Dortmund, Germany
  The variable pulse length storage ring demo (VSR DEMO) is a research and development project at the Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin (HZB) to develop and validate a 1.5 GHz SRF system capable of accelerating high CW currents (up to 300 mA) at high accelerating fields (20 MV/m) for application in electron storage rings. Such a system can be employed to tailor the bunch length in synchrotron light source such as BESSY II. VSR DEMO requires a module equipped with two 1.5 GHz 4-cell SRF cavities and all ancillary components required for accelerator operations. This includes one 1.5 GHz fundamental power coupler (FPC) per cavity, designed to handle 16 kW peak and 1.5 kW average power. The final design studies, fabrication status and initial testing plans for these FPCs will be presented.  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-WEPTEV009  
About • Received ※ 21 June 2021 — Revised ※ 12 August 2021 — Accepted ※ 21 August 2021 — Issue date ※ 09 November 2021
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
Damage Recovery for SRF Photoinjector Cavities  
  • Y. Tamashevich, A. Frahm, F. Göbel, S. Heling, A. Hellwig, K. Janke, S. Klauke, J. Knobloch, A.N. Matveenko, A. Neumann, H. Plötz, A.L. Prudnikava, S. Rotterdam, M. Schuster, J. Ullrich
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  Two niobium elliptical 1.3 GHz SRF electron photoinjector cavities were successfully recovered after mechanical inner surface damage. Both injector cavities had deep imprints in critical high surface electric field area around the photoelectric cathode position. The repairing procedure, consisting of surface inspection, mechanical polishing and light chemical etching is described in detail. Subsequent cold RF tests demonstrate complete performance recovery.  
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)  
THOTEV07 Industrial X-Ray Tomographie as a Tool for Shape and Integrity Control of SRF Cavities 725
  • H.-W. Glock, J. Knobloch, A. Neumann, A. Veléz
    HZB, Berlin, Germany
  Industrial X-ray tomography offers the possibility to capture the entire inner and outer shape of an SRF cavity, providing also insights in weld quality and material defects. As a non-contact method this is especially attractive to investigate shape properties of fully processed and closed cavities. A drawback is the inherently strong X-ray damping of niobium, which causes the demand for intense hard X-rays, typically beyond the capabilities of dc-X-ray-tubes. This also limits the accuracy of material borders found by the tomographic inversion. To illustrate both capabilities and limitations, results of X-ray tomography investigations using three different cavities are reported, also describing the fundamental parameters and the hard- and software demands of the technology. We also discuss the non-trivial transferring of tomography data into RF simulation tools.  
video icon
        Right click on video for
Picture-in-Picture mode
or Full screen display.

At start the sound is muted!
slides icon Slides THOTEV07 [9.705 MB]  
DOI • reference for this paper ※ doi:10.18429/JACoW-SRF2021-THOTEV07  
About • Received ※ 30 June 2021 — Revised ※ 03 January 2022 — Accepted ※ 03 March 2022 — Issue date ※ 08 April 2022
Cite • reference for this paper using ※ BibTeX, ※ LaTeX, ※ Text/Word, ※ RIS, ※ EndNote (xml)